Saya yakin sobat yang masih duduk di bangku SMP atau SMA Membutuhkan penjelasan yang menarik dan mudah dipahami tentang materi Recount Text. Tenang saja sobat.. kali ini saya akan menyajikannya buat sobat semua. Silahkah baca artikel ini dengan terlebih dahulu berdo’a, semoga apa yang kita pelajari akan membuat kita bisa menguasai bahasa Inggris, amin…
Jika kita belajar narrative text, kita akan menemukan sebuah komplikasi atau masalah yang muncul dalam sebuah cerita (story); Berbeda dengan recount text. Dalam recount text, yang ada hanya sebuah peristiwa saja (event); serta urutan ceritanya tertata rapi. (Note: Mohon maaf saya guru bahasa Inggris yang masih baru). Kalau saya lebih setuju jika recount text ini disebut sebagai nenek moyang narrative text. Meskipun dalam linguistics saya belum menemukan ‘istilah yang pas’ untuk jenis teks ini.
Untuk lebih jelas, mari kita pahami keterangan berikut.
Pengertian Recount Text
Secara bahasa, recount bermakna “menceritakan”. Jadi recount text dapat diartikan sebagai “Text yang menceritakan”. Jika kita mengacu pada keterangan di buku-buku sekolah recount text adalah a text that tells the reader about one story, action or activity. Its goal is to entertaining or informing the reader. (Recount text adalah sebuah teks yang menceritakan sebuah cerita, tindakan ataupun aktifitas. Tujuan recount text yaitu untuk menghibur atau menginformasikan kepada pembaca.)
Generic Structure of Recount Text
# Orientation : It gives the readers the background information needed to understand the text, such as who was involved, where it happened, and when it happened. (Ini memberikan informasi kepada pembaca mengenai latar belakang yang diperlukan untuk memahami teks, seperti siapa yang terlibat, di mana hal itu terjadi, dan kapan peristiwa itu terjadi).
# Events : A series of events, ordered in a chronological sequence. (Serangkaian peristiwa yang disusun dalam urutan kronologis.)
# Re-orientation : A personal comment about the event or what happened in the end. (Sebuah komentar pribadi tentang peristiwa tersebut atau apa yang terjadi pada akhir peristiwa itu).
Purpose of Recount text
Tujuan komunikatif dari recount text adalah untuk menceritakan pengalaman atau kejadian dan peristiwa yang terjadi pada masa lalu secara kronologis atau secara berurutan dengan tujuan untuk entertain atau menghibur pembaca atau pendengar. Dalam bahasa Inggris, tujuan recount text:
The purpose of a recount is to list and describe past experiences by retelling events in the order in which they happened (chronological order). Recounts are written to retell events with the purpose of either informing or entertaining their audience (or both)
Language Feature on Recount Text (Ciri-ciri bahasanya)
– Using the simple past tense, past continuous tense, past perfect tense, and past perfect continuous tense.
– Using temporal sequence, e.g. On Saturday. On Monday, On Sunday
– Focus on specific participant, e.g. I (the writer)
– Using the conjunctions, such as: then, before, after, etc.
– Using action verd, e.g. went, stayed
Contoh Recount Text Pendek
Contoh Recount Text tentang Hari Libur
Last week I went to Mount Bromo. I stayed at my friend’s house in Probolinggo, East Java. The house has a big garden with colorful flowers and a small pool.
In the morning, my friend and I saw Mount Batok. The scenery was very beautiful. We rode on horseback. It was scary, but it was fun. Then, we went to get a closer look at the mountain. We took pictures of the beautiful scanery there. After that, we took a rest and had lunch under a big tree. Before we got home, we went to the zoo at Wonokromo. We went home in the afternoon.
We were very tired. However, I think it was really fun to have a holiday like this. I hope my next holiday will be more intersting.
Contoh Recount Text tentang Liburan
Vacation to London
Mr. Richard’s family was on vacation. They are Mr. and Mrs. Richard with their two sons. They went to London. They saw their travel agent and booked their tickets. They went to the British Embassy to get visas to enter Britain. They had booked fourteen days tour. This includes travel and accommodation. They also included tours around London. They boarded a large Boeing flight. The flight was nearly fourteen hours.
On the plane the cabin crews were very friendly. They gave them news paper and magazine to read. They gave them food and drink. There was a film for their entertainment. They had a very pleasant flight. They slept part of the way.
On arrival at Heathrow Airport, they had to go to Customs and Immigration. The officers were pleasant. They checked the document carefully but their manners were very polite. Mr. Richard and his family collected their bags and went to London Welcome Desk. They arranged the transfer to a hotel.
The hotel was a well-known four-star hotel. The room had perfect view of the park. The room had its own bathroom and toilet. Instead of keys for the room, they inserted a key-card to open the door. On the third floor, there was a restaurant serving Asian and European food. They had variety of food.
The two week in London went by fast. At the end of the 14-day, they were quite tired but they felt very happy.
Contoh Recount Text tentang Pengalaman Naik Sepeda Motor
My First Experience to Ride Motorcycle
ditulis oleh Resdwitarini
One day, when I was ten years old, my father bought an old motorcycle. That was ” Honda 75″. I think it was small light object and easy to ride it. I persuaded my father to teach me to ride ” Honda 75 “. Firstly, my father refused my request and promised that he would teach me two or three years later, but I still whimpered. Finally, my father surrendered and promised to teach me.
He began to teach me riding the motorcycle around a field in my village. My father was very patient to give me some directions. I was very happy when I realized my ability to ride a motorcycle. ” Yes, I can “.
One day later, when I was alone at home, I intended to try my riding ability. So, myself tried bravely. All ran fluently in the beginning, but when I was going back to my home and I must passed through a narrow slippery street, I got nervous. I lost my control and I fell to the ditch.
After that, I told my father about the last accident. I imagined my father would be angry and never let me ride again. But the reality is exactly on the contrary, my father was very proud of me. He just gave me some advices and since that accident, I got my father’s permission to ride motorcycle.
Contoh Recount Text tentang Liburan/Holiday
My Holiday In Bandung
Orientation : Last holiday, I went to Bandung with my friend, Asep. We spent our holiday there. we went to bandung by bus. The bus schedule from Indramayu was at 07.00 AM and arrived in Bandung at 11.30 AM.
Events : In the first day, we went to Bandung zoo. The ticket price was only Rp 30.000. The animals collection there were very complete. In the next day, we went to geological museum and talked with the guide about geology. It made us understood about geology. We saw rocks collection there. After that, I went to Bandung bus station because we had to go home to Indaramayu.
Reorientation : My holiday in Bandung was only two days but It made me happy.
Liburan Saya di Bandung
Orientation : Hari libur lalu, saya pergi ke Bandung bersama teman saya, Asep. Kami menghabiskan liburan kami di sana. Kami pergi ke bandung dengan bus. Jadwal bus dari Indramayu pukul 07.00 pagi dan tiba di Bandung pukul 11.30.
Events : Di hari pertama, kami pergi ke Kebun Binatang Bandung. Harga tiketnya hanya Rp 30.000. Koleksi hewan di sana sangat lengkap. Keesokan harinya, kami pergi ke museum geologi dan berbicara dengan pemandu tentang geologi. Itu membuat kami mengerti tentang geologi. Kami melihat koleksi batu di sana. Setelah itu, saya pergi ke terminal bus Bandung karena kami harus pulang ke Indaramayu.
Reorientation : Liburan saya di Bandung hanya dua hari tapi itu membuat saya bahagia.
Baca juga : Narrative Text (Penjelasan Dan Contoh)
Semoga penjelasan mengenai recount text di atas dapat menjadi bahan pelajaran yang dapat membantu meningkatkan kemampuan (skill) bahasa Inggris sobat semua. Mudah bukan? Intinya dalam recount text ini isi cerita biasanya berurutan, seperti contoh-contoh di atas, itu saja kalau menurut saya.
Rudi Hartono, Genre of Texts, (Semarang: English Department Faculty of Language and Art Semarang State University, 2005).
Mark Andersons and Kathy Andersons, Text Type in English 1-2, Australia: MacMillanEducation, 2003.