Description of San Diego; City in United States

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San Diego; City in United States – The United States is a country located in the northern part of the American continent. This country is known as the United States of America (USA). America is a federal constitutional republic consisting of fifty states and a federal district.

The capital of the United States of America is Washington DC. While the largest city in America is New York City. With an area of 9.83 million square kilometers and a population of 315 million people, the United States is the third largest country in the world and the third largest by population.

The United States is one of the most multiethnic and multicultural countries in the world. This arises due to massive immigration from various parts of the world. The climate and geography of the United States are also very diverse and the country is home to a wide variety of species.

Okay, on this occasion the BRITISH Course will provide a description of a city in the United States. The city we will be discussing is San Diego City.

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San Diego City

San Diego (/ˌsæn diˈeɪɡoʊ/ SAN dee-AY-goh, Spanish: [san ˈdjeɣo]; Spanish for ‘Saint Didacus’) is a city on the Pacific Ocean coast of Southern California located immediately adjacent to the Mexico–United States border. With a 2020 population of 1,386,932, it is the eighth most populous city in the United States and the seat of San Diego County, the fifth most populous county in the United States, with 3,338,330 estimated residents as of 2019. The city is known for its mild year-round climate, natural deep-water harbor, extensive beaches and parks, long association with the United States Navy, and recent emergence as a healthcare and biotechnology development center. San Diego is the second largest city in the state of California, after Los Angeles.

Historically home to the Kumeyaay, San Diego is frequently referred to as the “Birthplace of California”, as it was the first site visited and settled by Europeans on what is now the U.S. west coast. Upon landing in San Diego Bay in 1542, Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area for Spain, forming the basis for the settlement of Alta California 200 years later. The Presidio and Mission San Diego de Alcalá, founded in 1769, formed the first European settlement in what is now California. In 1821, San Diego became part of the newly declared Mexican Empire, which reformed as the First Mexican Republic two years later. California became part of the U.S. in 1848 following the Mexican–American War and was admitted to the union as a state in 1850.

San Diego’s main economic engines are military and defense-related activities, tourism, international trade, research, and manufacturing. The city is the economic center of the San Diego–Tijuana conurbation, the second most populous transborder metropolitan area in the Western Hemisphere (after Detroit–Windsor), home to an estimated 4,922,723 people as of 2012. The primary border crossing between San Diego and Tijuana, the San Ysidro Port of Entry, is the busiest international land border crossing in the world outside of Asia (fourth-busiest overall). The city’s airport, San Diego International Airport, is the busiest single-runway airport in the world.

Terjemahan

San Diego (/ˌsæn diˈeɪɡoʊ/ SAN dee-AY-goh, bahasa Spanyol: [san ˈdjeɣo]; bahasa Spanyol untuk ‘Saint Didacus’) adalah sebuah kota di pantai Samudra Pasifik California Selatan yang terletak berbatasan langsung dengan perbatasan Meksiko–Amerika Serikat. Dengan populasi tahun 2020 sebesar 1.386.932, kota ini adalah kota terpadat kedelapan di Amerika Serikat dan pusat San Diego County, county terpadat kelima di Amerika Serikat, dengan perkiraan 3.338.330 penduduk pada 2019. Kota ini terkenal dengan iklim sejuk sepanjang tahun, pelabuhan laut dalam yang alami, pantai dan taman yang luas, hubungan yang lama dengan Angkatan Laut Amerika Serikat, dan munculnya baru-baru ini sebagai pusat pengembangan kesehatan dan bioteknologi. San Diego adalah kota terbesar kedua di negara bagian California, setelah Los Angeles.

Secara historis rumah bagi Kumeyaay, San Diego sering disebut sebagai “Tempat Kelahiran California”, karena ini adalah situs pertama yang dikunjungi dan dihuni oleh orang Eropa di tempat yang sekarang menjadi pantai barat AS. Saat mendarat di Teluk San Diego pada tahun 1542, Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo mengklaim wilayah tersebut untuk Spanyol, menjadi dasar penyelesaian Alta California 200 tahun kemudian. Presidio dan Mission San Diego de Alcalá, didirikan pada 1769, membentuk pemukiman Eropa pertama di tempat yang sekarang disebut California. Pada tahun 1821, San Diego menjadi bagian dari Kekaisaran Meksiko yang baru dideklarasikan, yang direformasi sebagai Republik Meksiko Pertama dua tahun kemudian. California menjadi bagian dari AS pada tahun 1848 setelah Perang Meksiko–Amerika dan diterima sebagai negara bagian pada tahun 1850.

Mesin ekonomi utama San Diego adalah kegiatan terkait militer dan pertahanan, pariwisata, perdagangan internasional, penelitian, dan manufaktur. Kota ini adalah pusat ekonomi dari konurbasi San Diego–Tijuana, wilayah metropolitan lintas batas terpadat kedua di Belahan Barat (setelah Detroit–Windsor), rumah bagi sekitar 4.922.723 orang pada tahun 2012. Penyeberangan perbatasan utama antara San Diego dan Tijuana, Pelabuhan Masuk San Ysidro, adalah penyeberangan perbatasan darat internasional tersibuk di dunia di luar Asia (keseluruhan tersibuk keempat). Bandara kota, Bandara Internasional San Diego, adalah bandara landasan pacu tunggal tersibuk di dunia.

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