Home » Materi Genre of Text » Explanation Text : Definition, Purposes, Generic Structures, Language Features

Explanation Text : Definition, Purposes, Generic Structures, Language Features

Kamu pernah menjelaskan sesuatu kepada teman kamu? Misalnya teman kamu bertanya, gimana sih proses terjadinya hujan, atau gimana sih proses diciptakannya manusia. Kemudian kamu menjelaskan kepada teman kamu tentang itu. Penjelasan kamu itu namanya Explanation Text.

Untuk lebih jelasnya silahkan baca referensi dibawah ini tentang Explanation Text.

Definition of Explanation Text
Explanation is a text which tells processes relating to forming of natural, social, scientific and cultural phenomena. Explanation text is to say ‘why’ and ‘how’ of the forming of the phenomena. It is often found in science, geography and history text books.

Generic Structure of Explanation Text
# General statement; stating the phenomenon issues which are to be explained.
# Sequenced explanation; stating a series of steps which explain the phenomena.

The Characteristics / Language Feature of Explanation Text:
– Featuring generic participant; sun, rain, etc
– Using chronological connection; to begin with, next, etc
– Using passive voice pattern
– Using simple present tense



Example

How Roman Roads were Built

The system of roads for mobility has been begun early decades. It was started since the Roman Empire conquered the world. The roads in Roman era were known as the best construction.

The Romans built roads are for the purpose of mobility, especially for the army. Having the best road, the army could march from one place to another. They built the roads as straight as possible, so that the army could take the shortest route.

It is interesting to know how the roads were built, which some of them are still in use today. First, the Romans builders would clear the ground of rocks and trees. Then they dug a trench where the road was to go and filled it with big stones. Next, they put in big stones, pebbles, cement and sand which they packed down to make a firm base. After that, they added another layer of cement mixed with broken tiles. On top of that rough construction, then they put paving stones to make the flat surface. These stones were cut so that they fitted together tightly. As the finishing touch, kerb stones were put at each sides of the road to hold in the paving stones. It was also used to make a channel for the water to run away.

(Partly taken from: www.teachingideas.co.uk)

Terjemahan

Bagaimana Jalan Romawi Dibangun

Sistem jalan untuk mobilitas sudah dimulai sejak awal dekade. Ini dimulai sejak Kekaisaran Romawi menaklukkan dunia. Jalan-jalan di era Romawi dikenal sebagai konstruksi terbaik.

Orang-orang Romawi yang membangun jalan adalah untuk tujuan mobilitas, terutama untuk tentara. Memiliki jalan terbaik, tentara bisa berbaris dari satu tempat ke tempat lain. Mereka membangun jalan setegas mungkin, sehingga tentara bisa menempuh rute terpendek.

Sangat menarik untuk mengetahui bagaimana jalan dibangun, yang beberapa di antaranya masih digunakan sampai sekarang. Pertama, pembangun Romawi akan membersihkan dasar batuan dan pepohonan. Kemudian mereka menggali parit dimana jalan itu menuju dan mengisinya dengan batu-batu besar. Selanjutnya, mereka memasukkan batu-batu besar, kerikil, semen dan pasir yang mereka kumpulkan untuk dijadikan dasar perusahaan. Setelah itu, mereka menambahkan lapisan semen yang lain dicampur dengan ubin yang pecah. Di atas konstruksi kasar itu, maka mereka memasang batu paving untuk membuat permukaannya rata. Batu-batu ini dipotong sehingga dipasang rapat rapat. Sebagai sentuhan akhir, batu tepi jalan diletakkan di masing-masing sisi jalan untuk menahan batu paving. Itu juga digunakan untuk membuat saluran agar air bisa lenyap.

(Sebagian diambil dari: www.teachingideas.co.uk)

How Rain Happens


Rain is the primary source of fresh water for most areas of the world, providing suitable conditions for diverse ecosystems, as well as water for hydroelectric power plants and crop irrigation.

The phenomenon of rain is actually a water circle. The concept of the water cycle involves the sun heating the Earth’s surface water and causing the surface water to evaporate. The water vapor rises into the Earth’s atmosphere. The water in the atmosphere cools and condenses into liquid droplets. The droplets grow until they are heavy and fall to the earth as precipitation which can be in the form of rain or snow.

However, not all rain reaches the surface. Some evaporates while falling through dry air. This is called virga, a phenomenon which is often seen in hot, dry desert regions.

Demikianlah Penjelasan dari British Course tentang Explanation Text. Semoga dengan membaca penjelasan dari kami di atas dapat menambah pemahaman tentang materi ini. Oke cukup sekian, dan trimakasih atas kunjungannya. Jika ada pertanyaan atau komentar mengenai materi ini silahkan tinggalkan komentar..

Terima kasih atas kunjungannya. Semoga dengan berkunjung di website British Course ini sobat bisa makin cinta bahasa inggris, dan nilai bahasa inggris sobat semakin memuaskan. Dan semoga kita bisa belajar bahasa inggris bareng dan saling mengenal. Komentar, saran dan kritik dari sobat kami harapkan demi kemajuan website ini. Thanks..
Posted in Materi Genre of Text

One comment on “Explanation Text : Definition, Purposes, Generic Structures, Language Features

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *