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Explanation Text : Definition, Purposes, Generic Structures, Language Features

Kamu pernah menjelaskan sesuatu kepada teman kamu? Misalnya teman kamu bertanya, gimana sih proses terjadinya hujan, atau gimana sih proses diciptakannya manusia. Kemudian kamu menjelaskan kepada teman kamu tentang itu. Penjelasan kamu itu namanya Explanation Text.

Untuk lebih jelasnya silahkan baca referensi dibawah ini tentang Explanation Text.

Definition of Explanation Text
Explanation is a text which tells processes relating to forming of natural, social, scientific and cultural phenomena. Explanation text is to say ‘why’ and ‘how’ of the forming of the phenomena. It is often found in science, geography and history text books.

Generic Structure of Explanation Text
# General statement; stating the phenomenon issues which are to be explained.
# Sequenced explanation; stating a series of steps which explain the phenomena.

The Characteristics / Language Feature of Explanation Text:
– Featuring generic participant; sun, rain, etc
– Using chronological connection; to begin with, next, etc
– Using passive voice pattern
– Using simple present tense

Example


Rain is the primary source of fresh water for most areas of the world, providing suitable conditions for diverse ecosystems, as well as water for hydroelectric power plants and crop irrigation.

The phenomenon of rain is actually a water circle. The concept of the water cycle involves the sun heating the Earth’s surface water and causing the surface water to evaporate. The water vapor rises into the Earth’s atmosphere. The water in the atmosphere cools and condenses into liquid droplets. The droplets grow until they are heavy and fall to the earth as precipitation which can be in the form of rain or snow.

However, not all rain reaches the surface. Some evaporates while falling through dry air. This is called virga, a phenomenon which is often seen in hot, dry desert regions.

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