Analytical Exposition; Definition, Generic Structures, Purposes, Language Features

Assalamualaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh😊


Hallo everybody
It has been almost a year since I managed this BRITISH Course website. I just realize that we will have semester test. Therefore let’s learn English again, and as opening lesson in this time, let’s study genre of text again, that is Analytical Exposition Text. Although it is a bit annoying indeed, we must learn this kind of text for the success of our study and of course the improvement of our English competence.

However, Analytical Exposition is an important part of the English lesson because this text is one of text that must be mastered by junior and senior high school student now. If you want to learn it, let’s learn together here by reading this article. Do not forget to pray first so God will open our mind. Aamien..

Definition of Analytical Exposition Text

Definition of analytical exposition text is actually very easy to understand. Word “Analytical” means, “examining or liking to examine things very carefully” (Cambridge). That is, (examining or relating to checking / testing something carefully). Then, the meaning of exposition, as I have explained in the article about hortatory exposition, that is “a comprehensive description” or a broad explanation.

Thus, the definition of Analytical Exposition can be understood as a text that tries to provide a comprehensive explanation of a problem by displaying the opinions that support it carefully.

While the main purpose of analytical exposition text is, “to try/attempt to influence the reader to believe something by presenting one side of the argument.” It means trying to convince the reader to believe something by giving one side of opinion only. “

Referring to the purpose of analytical exposition, this does not mean that analytical exposition text contains only one argument, but it contains various arguments that have the same purpose.

In school books in Indonesia it is often mentioned, Analytical exposition text is a text that elaborates the writer’s idea about the phenomenon surrounding. It means analytical exposition text is a text that contains an idea about the phenomenon surrounding. Of course it is also followed by some argument to support it.

Generic Structure of Analytical Exposition Text

Every text must have generic structure which is different with another text. Analytical Exposition Text also has generic structure, those are :

# Thesis: it contains writer’s opinion about something. It also introduces topics and indicates the writer’s position.

# Argument : it contains the argument to support the writer’s position. The number of arguments may vary, but each argument must be supported by evidence and explanation.

# Reiteration: Restating the writer’s point of view / to strengthen the thesis. We can use the following phrase to make conclusion in reiteration :

– From the fact above …
– I personally believe …
– Therefore, my conclusion is …
– In conclusion …

Purpose of Analytical Exposition Text

– To analyze the topic and to convince or influence the reader that this opinion is correct and supported by arguments
– To convince the reader that the topics presented was an important topic to be discussed or gained attention by way of providing arguments or opinions that support the main idea or topic

Language Feature of Analytical exposition Text

# Using Simple Present Tense
# Use word that link argument, such as firstly, secondly, in addition, furthermore
# It contains these phrases :
– From the fact above …
– personally believe ….
– Therefore, my conclusion is ….
– In conclusion …

Example of Analytical Exposition Text

Example of Analytical Exposition Text about Garbage

Garbage Service Need Improvement

There have been many complaints recently about the ABC garbage collection service. The official department has agreed that the service needs improvement. But nothing has been done!

In some streets the garbage is collected only once a month because the workmen are not supervised. In other streets, collection in more frequent but half of the garbage is left in the road. The workmen are too lazy to pick it up and put it in the trucks.

In some parts of the colony, house-holders are dumping their garbage on the waste land. This is dangerous and an unhealthy to do. These `dumps’ may catch fire and they will certainly attract rats and flies.

It is the duty of the official department to collect all the garbage efficiently and regularly.

Example of Analytical Exposition Text about Library

The Importance of Library

I personally believe that libraries are among humanity’s most important institutions for several reasons.

Firstly, most of humanity’s collective knowledge is stored in libraries. Secondly, libraries protect and preserve this knowledge. They also classify or group the materials into logical and easily available divisions.

Furthermore, libraries make the materials available to everyone and even provide librarians to help us find what we need.

Finally, libraries are our link to the past and our gift to the future.
From the facts above, I conclude that libraries are important institutions for humanity.

Example of Analytical Exposition Text about Electronic Device

Design of Electronic Device need Improvement

Internet access and e-commerce remains inequitable. Most of designs prevent disabled and older people to participate in the electronic age.

The barriers include the physical design of facilities, the cost of internet access and the design of interactive voice-response systems. The Human rights and Equal Opportunity Commission’s report on electronic commerce said that technology’s great potential for increasing access was not being realized.
The design of ‘advanced’ ATMs had made them harder for blind people to use, compared with earlier models. Machines that once had buttons now relied on screen displays, for instance. The commission also suggested that students with disabilities needed particular attention when educational material was provided in electronic form.

We emphasized that the designs of electronic facilities need improvement.

Example of Analytical Exposition Text about Nation Relationship

Building Strong Relationship

Since building Indonesian nation in 1945, Indonesia shared a positive and friendly relationship with Australia.

In 1947 Australia from supported Indonesia’s struggle for independence by placing embargos on Dutch supplies, arms and troops. Australian dock workers went on strike and significant numbers of Australians demonstrated in the streets in support of Indonesian independence. The Dutch were unable to ship supplies through Australian ports during this period.

Much of the support Australians gave to Indonesians was based on the friendship that developed between Australian soldiers and the Indonesia people at the end of the Second World War. There was also a strong anti-imperialist mood among some sections of the Australian population at that time.
It is significant for Indonesia and Asian neighbors to strengthen the relationship.

Example of Analytical Exposition Text about Exercise for Health

Jogging is Good Exercise for Everyone

Jogging is the simplest and cheapest sport you will ever find in this world. So it is good exercise for everyone.

Jogging can be done anytime, anyday, and anywhere. And Jogging can be done alone or with friends.

On average, it’s about 100 calories a mile, but it depends on your weight, shape and intensity of training. For example, a woman weighing 68 kg burns 600 calories per 10 km.

Jogging will keep your cardiovascular (heart pumping) in a good shape. And also you will find very few people who will suffer from heart attack and stroke if they do this regularly.

Jogging is also good for your mental health. Everytime you finish jogging, you will feel fresh. Some studies have shown that people who jog will have better outlook of live and this will make they more happier than the average people.

So based on facts above, jogging is good for everyone.


Jogging adalah Olahraga yang Baik Untuk Semua Orang

Jogging adalah olahraga paling sederhana dan termurah yang pernah Anda temukan di dunia ini. Jadi itu bisa menjadi latihan yang bagus untuk semua orang.

Jogging bisa dilakukan kapan saja, dan dimana saja. Dan Jogging bisa dilakukan sendiri atau dengan teman.

Rata-rata, sekitar 100 kalori satu mil, tapi itu tergantung pada berat, bentuk dan intensitas latihan Anda. Misalnya, wanita dengan berat 68 kg membakar 600 kalori per 10 km.

Jogging akan menjaga kardiovaskular Anda (jantung memompa) dalam kondisi baik. Dan juga Anda akan menemukan sangat sedikit orang yang akan menderita serangan jantung dan stroke jika melakukan ini secara teratur.

Jogging juga bagus untuk kesehatan mental Anda. Setiap kali Anda selesai jogging, Anda akan merasa segar. Beberapa penelitian telah menunjukkan bahwa orang yang jogging akan memiliki pandangan hidup yang lebih baik dan ini akan membuat mereka lebih bahagia daripada rata-rata orang.

Jadi berdasarkan fakta diatas, jogging itu bagus untuk semua orang.

Example of Analytical Exposition about Breakfast

The Importance of Breakfast

Why is breakfast important? “Breakfast like a King, Lunch like a Prince and Dine like a Pauper” It’s a well known phrase, but do you follow it?

Breakfast provides many benefits to our health and wellbeing. Breakfast provides the body and brain with fuel after an overnight fast – that’s where its name originates, breaking the fast! Without breakfast you are effectively running on empty, like trying to start the car with no petrol!

Breakfast support cognitive function. Breakfast also restores glucose levels, an essential carbohydrate that is needed for the brain to function. Breakfast provides energy, studies have shown how eating breakfast can improve memory and concentration levels and it can also make us happier as it can improve mood and lower stress levels.

Breakfast provides energy needs. People’s energy needs vary depending on activity levels and life stage but typically men require more energy than women. Growing children require a lot of energy, as an example boys aged 7-10 years should consume approximately 1970 kcals per day, and girls aged 7-10 years should consume approximately 1740 kcals.



Pentingnya Sarapan

Mengapa melakukan sarapan itu penting? “Sarapan seperti seorang raja, makan siang seperti Pangeran dan makan malam layaknya seperti orang yang tidak punya” itu adalah frase yang cukup terkenal, tetapi apakah Anda memahami pentingnya sarapan?

Sarapan memberikan banyak manfaat bagi kesehatan dan kenyamanan kita. Makan pagi memberikan tubuh dan otak asupan bahan bakar setelah berpuasa (tidak makan) selama satu malam – dari sini nama “breakfast itu berasal (break = berbuka, fast = puasa) Tanpa sarapan Anda persis bagaikan berlari dalam keadaan lapar, seperti mencoba untuk menyalakan mobil tapi tidak ada bensin.

Sarapan juga mendukung daya kognitif juga mengembalikan kadar glukosa, yaitu karbohidrat penting yang dibutuhkan otak untuk bisa berfungsi. Makan pagi menyediakan tenaga, penelitian telah menunjukkan bagaimana makan pagi dapat meningkatkan tingkat memori dan konsentrasi, juga dapat membuat kita merasa lebih bahagia karena dapat meningkatkan mood dan menurunkan suasana stres.

Sarapan menyediakan kebutuhan energi yang dibutuhkan. Kebutuhan energi setiap orang itu berbeda tergantung pada pada kegiatan dan tahapan hidup. Meski begitu secara umum laki-laki membutuhkan energi lebih banyak dari pada perempuan. Anak-anak yang sedang tumbuh juga membutuhkan banyak energi, sebagai contoh, anak laki-laki berusia 7-10 tahun harus mengkonsumsi sekitar 1970 kkal per hari, dan anak perempuan berusia 7-10 harus mengkonsumsi sekitar 1740 Kkal.

Related Articles : Hortatory Exposition Text ; Definition, Generic Structures, Purposes, Language Features

I think enough my explanation about Analytical Exposition Text. I hope it will be useful for us. I hope you are never bored to visit this site. Don’t forget to visit this site if you need English reference in your study. See you next time..

Reference :
Rudi Hartono, Genre of Texts, (Semarang: English Department Faculty of Language and Art Semarang State University, 2005).
Text Genre, Grammar: Technologies for Teaching and Assessing Writing, Peter Knapp & Megan Watkins, New South Wales Press, Ltd : Australia
Mark Andersons and Kathy Andersons, Text Type in English 1-2, Australia: MacMillanEducation, 2003.

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BRITISH Course Admin is an English teacher and undergraduate student of university in central java. English is a favorite lesson during admin's study. This site is a space to share English lesson to contribute in English development for English learner. Admin hopes this site can be useful for all of us.

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