Everyone must be often to tell the story that they just hear, watch or even their self story to someone, good friends, relatives, parents, etc. Well, actually what we do when telling the story we experienced is an applicative example of the Narrative Text. Therefore everyone must have known or at least heard the Narrative Text in advance. Narrative Text is a type of English text that often appears and is taught at the level of junior high school or senior high school. But what is exactly Narrative Text?
For that, on this occasion the author tries to present definition, communicative purpose, generic structure, linguistic features and examples of the Narrative Text. Hopefully the explanation below will be helpful. Thanks. Check this out !!!
Definition of Narrative Text
Narrative Text is one of 13 types of English text (genre) born from the Narration as well as Recount Text, Anecdote Text, Spoof Text. Then, the definition of narrative text is an imaginative story to entertain people
Perhaps you need to know that the narrative text, in the writing and composition lecture is usually called narration, which is one of type of text in a literary language. Usually, the narrative text contains good stories of fiction, non-fiction stories, animal stories (fable), folktales, fairy tales, myths, legends etc. In a simple word everything about the story is included in narrative text.
Generic Structure of Narrative Text
# Orientation : It is about the opening paragraph where the characters of the story are introduced.
# Complication : Where the problems in the story developed.
# Resolution : Where the problems in the story is solved.
# Coda / reorientation (optional) – lesson from the story
Purpose of Narrative text
The Purpose of Narrative Text is to amuse or to entertain the reader with a story.
Language Feature of Narrative Text:
– Past tense (killed, drunk, etc)
– Adverb of time (Once upon a time, one day, etc)
– Time conjunction (when, then, suddenly, etc)
– Specific character. The character of the story is specific, not general. (Cinderella, Snow White, Alibaba, etc)
– Action verbs. A verb that shows an action. (killed, dug, walked, etc)
– Direct speech. It is to make the story lively. (Snow White said, ”My name is Snow White”). The direct speech uses present tense.
Kinds of Narrative Text
Example of Narrative Text
Example of Narrative Text – True Friends
Once upon a time, there were two close friends who were walking through the forest together. They knew that anything dangerous can happen any time in the forest. So they promised each other that they would always be together in any case of danger.
Suddenly, they saw a large bear getting closer toward them. One of them climbed a nearby tree at once. But unfortunately the other one did not know how to climb up the tree. So being led by his common sense, he lay down on the ground breathless and pretended to be a dead man.
The bear came near the one who was lying on the ground. It smelt in his ears, and slowly left the place because the bears do not want to touch the dead creatures. After that, the friend on the tree came down and asked his friend that was on the ground, “Friend, what did the bear whisper into your ears?” The other friend replied, “Just now the bear advised me not to believe a false friend.”
Moral of the Story- A true friend in need is a friend indeed.
Example of Narrative Text – Fox and Cats
Fox and Cat
One day a cat and a fox were having a conversation. The fox, who was a conceited creature, boasted how clever she was. ‘Why, I know at least a hundred tricks to get away from our mutual enemies, the dogs,’ she said.
‘I know only one trick to get away from dogs,’ said the cat. ‘You should teach me some of yours!’
‘Well, maybe someday, when I have the time, I may teach you a few of the simpler ones,’ replied the fox airily.
Just then they heard the barking of a pack of dogs in the distance. The barking grew louder and louder – the dogs were coming in their direction! At once the cat ran to the nearest tree and climbed into its branches, well out of reach of any dog. ‘This is the trick I told you about, the only one I know,’ said the cat. ‘Which one of your hundred tricks are you going to use?’
The fox sat silently under the tree, wondering which trick she should use. Before she could make up her mind, the dogs arrived. They fell upon the fox and tore her to pieces.
Moral : A single plan that works is better than a hundred doubtful plans.
Example of Narrative Text – The And and Dove
The Ant and the Dove
One hot day, an ant was seeking for some water. After walking around for a moment, she came to a spring. To reach the spring, she had to climb up a blade of grass. While making her way up, she slipped and fell unintentionally into the water.
She could have sunk if a dove up a nearby tree had not seen her. Seeing that the ant was in trouble, the dove quickly put off a leaf from a tree and dropped it immediately into the water near the struggling ant. Then the ant moved towards the leaf and climbed up there. Soon it carried her safely to dry ground.
Not long after at that, there was a hunter nearby who was throwing out his net towards the dove, hoping to trap it in this way.
Guessing what he should do, the ant quickly bit him on the heel. Feeling the pain, the hunter dropped his net and the dove flew away quickly from this net.
The morality: One good turn deserves another.
Example of Narrative Text – Duck and Turtle
Duck and Turtle
Two ducks who lived in a big lake had a friend who was a turtle. One year there was a very little rain and the lake began to dry up. One of the ducks said to the other, “Soon, there’ll be no water in this lake. Let’s go and look for lake.”
“Yes, answered the second duck, “But first let’s say good bye to our friend, the turtle.”
When they told the turtle they were going to leave, he said, “I’ll die here without any water and without any friends. Take me with you.”
“The ducks answered, “We can’t. We are going to fly, and you have no wings.”
“The turtle thought for a minute and then said, “please wait here.”
Then he went away and found a strong, straight stick. He brought it back to his friends, put the middle of it in his mouth and said, “Now if each of you takes me one end of the stick in your mouth, you can lift me up and carry me with you.”
“ That is dangerous,” said the ducks, “if you try to talk while we’re carrying you through the air, you won’t be able to hold the stick, so you’ll fall down along way and break your shell.”
“all right,” answered the turtle, “I promise not to talk while we’re in the air. So the ducks took the stick and flew away, with the turtle between them. All went well until they were flying over a town. Then some people saw them and shouted, “Look, those ducks are carrying a cat!” The turtle got very angry, “A cat? I’m not …” he said, but he did not get any further, because when he opened his mouth, the stick came out of his mouth and the poor turtle fell to the ground.
Bebek dan Penyu
Dua bebek yang tinggal di danau besar itu punya teman yang sedang kura-kura. Satu tahun ada hujan yang sangat sedikit dan danau mulai mengering. Salah satu bebek berkata pada yang lain, “Tak lama lagi, tidak akan ada air di danau ini. Ayo pergi dan cari danau. ”
“Ya, jawab bebek kedua,” Tapi pertama-tama ucapkan selamat tinggal pada teman kita, kura-kura itu. ”
Ketika mereka mengatakan kepada kura-kura bahwa mereka akan pergi, dia berkata, “Saya akan mati di sini tanpa air dan tanpa teman. Bawa aku bersamamu.”
“Bebek menjawab,” Kita tidak bisa. Kita akan terbang, dan kamu tidak punya sayap. ”
“Si kura-kura berpikir sejenak dan kemudian berkata,” tolong tunggu di sini. ”
Lalu dia pergi dan menemukan tongkat lurus yang kuat. Dia membawanya kembali ke teman-temannya, memasukkannya ke tengah mulutnya dan berkata, “Nah, jika Anda membawa ujung dari tongkat itu ke mulut Anda, Anda dapat mengangkat saya dan membawa saya bersamamu.”
“Itu berbahaya,” kata bebek, “jika Anda mencoba berbicara saat membawa Anda melewati udara, Anda tidak akan bisa memegang tongkat itu, jadi Anda akan terjatuh di sepanjang jalan dan menghancurkan cangkang Anda. ”
“Baiklah,” jawab kura-kura itu, “saya berjanji untuk tidak berbicara saat kita di udara. Jadi bebek mengambil tongkat dan terbang menjauh, dengan kura-kura di antara mereka. Semua berjalan dengan baik sampai mereka terbang di atas kota. Kemudian beberapa orang melihat mereka dan berteriak, “Lihat, bebek itu membawa seekor kucing!” Si kura-kura itu sangat marah, “Seekor kucing? Saya tidak … “katanya, tapi dia tidak melangkah lebih jauh, karena ketika dia membuka mulutnya, tongkat itu keluar dari mulutnya dan kura-kura yang malang jatuh ke tanah.
Okey, I that’s all my explanation about Narrative Text. I hope it will be useful for us. Thanks for your visiting.
Rudi Hartono, Genre of Texts, (Semarang: English Department Faculty of Language and Art Semarang State University, 2005).
Text Genre, Grammar: Technologies for Teaching and Assessing Writing, Peter Knapp & Megan Watkins, New South Wales Press, Ltd : Australia
Mark Andersons and Kathy Andersons, Text Type in English 1-2, Australia: MacMillanEducation, 2003.