Discussion Text (Complete Explanation)

Assalamualaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh😊


Do you ever discuss??? Hmm, I’m sure my friends must be familiar with the discussion, and often do it. We often discuss to find a solution of a problem faced. In the discussion, of course there are pros and cons because the discussion is actually to get consensus or agreement from others. We do discussion not only in the world of education, but we also often discuss for small things like asking for opinions. Well, actually one of English genre of text is Discussion Text. It brings the same discourse as when we discuss something.

When we discuss about a matter, of course in our discussion there are various arguments / opinions. Likewise in Discussion Text, this text has two different opinions; first, agreeable opinion and, second, disagreeable opinions. Therefore we must have a broad view of a problem if we want to make a discussion text.

For more details, let’s one by one discuss what we should understand in studying Discussion Text.

Definition of Discussion Text

Discussion is a process of finding common ground between two different thoughts, views or opinions. And discussion text can be defined :

Discussion text is a text which presents a problematic discourse. This problem will be discussed from different viewpoints. Discussion is commonly found in philosophical, historic, and social text. In other word, Discussion is a kind of genre used to present (at least) two points of view about an issue.

General Structure of Discussion Text

– Issue : stating the issue which is to discussed
– Argument pro : presenting the point in supporting the presented issue
– Argument cons : presenting other points which disagree to the supporting point
– Conclusion / recommendation : stating the writer’ recommendation of the discourse

Purpose of Discussion text

– To present two points of view about issue or problem.
– To present arguments from differing points of view about issue or problem..

Language Features of Discussion Text

– Introducing category or generic participant
– Using thinking verb; feel, hope, believe, etc
– Using contrastive conjunction; however, on the other hand, but, in other side, although, etc
– Using modalities; must, should, could, may, etc
– Using adverbial of manner; deliberately, hopefully, etc
– Simple present

Examples of Discussion Text

Examples of Discussion Text about Nuclear Energy

Nuclear Energy : Advantage Or Disadvantage

Nuclear energy is commonly offered as an alternative to overcome the crisis of energy. The debate whether the use of nuclear energy is an appropriate choice or not, has not come to an end. Some people agree with the utilization of it because of its benefits. Some others, however, disagree because of its risks to the environment.

Those who agree with the operation of nuclear reactors usually argue that nuclear energy is the only feasible choice to answer the ever – increasing energy needs. In their opinion, the other sources of energy: oil, coal, and liquid natural gas are not renewable and safe, while nuclear energy can be sustainable when produced in a safe way.

However, people who disagree with the use of nuclear energy point out that the waste of nuclear products can completely destroy the environment and human lives. A meltdown in reactor, for example, usually results in the contamination of the surroundings soil and water. Take for example, the blow up of the nuclear reactor at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Station in Russia twenty years ago. The serious contamination imperiled people and the environment severely.

It is obvious that nuclear energy should be avoided because it really endangers the environment but what about a less polluted energy instead of nuclear energy. Is there any alternative energy to overcome the crisis of energy? In my opinion, nuclear energy is the best choice to overcome the crisis of energy. However, government should make sure that nuclear reactor’s construction and maintains are safe.

Examples of Discussion Text about Education World

National Exam: Pro and Contra?

National exam becomes the hot topic in most of discussions among students, teachers, and parents. Some people believe that national exam is not necessary for students as a requirement to be able graduate from a school. In other hand, other people see national exam as an important indicator to know whether students have mastered all school materials or not. The debate among society about national examination goes on until now.

For people who agree, national exam is necessary for students as a requirement to graduate from a school. People who support the national exam explain that the quality of the Indonesia education will drop without the national exam, so they try to defend the current system. They also think that national examination can motivate students to study harder.

However there are people who disagree with the opinion. Those who against this national exam kept in school education say that it doesn’t need the national exams because the quality of education does not just depend on the national exam. Further, the national exam only measures a small portion of students’ competence in specific subjects, and does not measure students’ competences throughout the semester.

In conclusion, national examination can still be useful as an instrument to evaluate or detect the level of students’ cognitive competence in several subjects, on a national scale. However, it is not fair if only national exam score that judge whether students pass or not. Government should make a regulation that national exam is not the only requirement for students to graduate. There should be other requirements added such as students’ daily score, behavior, and achievement.

Examples of Discussion Text about Technology for Students

Pros and Cons of Computers for Students

Do you know that most schools and colleges strongly recommend students to have computers to help them achieve better results of learning. With computer connected to Internet, students can learn English online. They can make reports easily by using word processing software. They can play games to get of boredom. However, a computer can also give negative impacts for a student.

One thing that makes a computer useful is that students can use it to finish some assignments from schools. By connecting to Internet, they can easily surf and find any materials related to their lessons and assignments. They have unlimited resources from all over the worlds. Online libraries are open. A lot of book are free to download and read online. Finding friends from related field of study is not difficult anymore. They can work together to boost their best achievement. What more benefit is they can do all of that just by sitting on the a chair of their rooms. What amazing world it is, isn’t?

Although a computer has many benefits, it should be considered deeply. A computer certainly does not promote students to do and move more. A computes makes students have less physical activities. Even not few of them forget to have lunch while they are playing certain game. They just sit in front of monitors. They are caught up in the mystique of the smart machines. In short, students who usually work with computers tend to have a few physical activities and exercises.

So what should students do? Should they avoid using computers? Of course “No”. Computer will make even greater benefits if physical activities are also promoted to be done by the students.

Examples of Discussion Text about Social

Pros and Cons of Birth Control

Most people agree that some form of family limitation or spacing is desirable for the good of the family and society. But individuals and groups–especially religious groups–differ sharply on the methods of birth control that they consider immoral and unacceptable. The debate among society about birth control is never ended until now.

Couples that practice birth control do so for various reasons. They may want to limit or space their children, or to have no children at all. Young couples often postpone having children so that both partners can work full-time. Other couples space their children so they can give each child as much attention as possible. Some women are advised by their doctors to avoid pregnancy for health reasons. In many countries with rapidly growing populations, the government encourages couples to limit the size of their families.

Even though birth control has gained in acceptance, opposition to the practice is continuous. Some people fear that birth control encourages sexual relations outside marriage or that government might impose birth control. Some religious groups oppose birth control on moral grounds. Some religious groups teach that artificial methods of birth control are immoral because they separate the two purposes of intercourse in marriage–conjugal love and the procreation of children.

In conclusion, birth control is a choice among parents whether they want to limit their children, limit the space between children, or to have no children at all. There must be some reasons behind their choice to control the birth economy, social, or may be health. I do agree that having children is the purpose of marriage. However, to prevent population bomb, we need to take an action and birth control is the best answer.


Positif dan Negatif dari Keluarga Berencana

Kebanyakan orang setuju bahwa beberapa bentuk membatasi anak atau memberi jarak kelahiran pada keluarga diinginkan untuk kebaikan keluarga dan masyarakat. Tapi ada orang dan kelompok tertentu – terutama kelompok agama – berbeda pendapat pada metode pengendalian kelahiran yang mereka anggap tidak bermoral dan bisa diterima. Perdebatan tersebut diantara masyarakat tentang keluarga berencana tidak pernah berakhir sampai sekarang.

Pasangan yang menerapkan keluarga berencana melakukannya karena berbagai alasan. Mereka mungkin ingin membatasi anak atau membuat jarak antar anak, atau tidak memiliki anak sama sekali. Pasangan muda sering menunda memiliki anak sehingga kedua pasangan tersebut dapat bekerja dengan penuh. Pasangan lain menginginkan jarak antar anak-anak mereka sehingga mereka dapat memberikan setiap anak banyak mungkin perhatian. Beberapa wanita disarankan oleh dokter mereka untuk menghindari kehamilan karena alasan kesehatan. Di banyak negara dengan populasi yang berkembang pesat, pemerintah mendorong pasangan untuk membatasi ukuran keluarga mereka.

Meskipun KB telah dapat diterima, pertentangan akan prakteknya masih terus berlanjut. Beberapa orang takut bahwa keluarga berencana mendorong hubungan seksual di luar nikah atau pemerintah yang mungkin memaksakan keluarga berencana. Beberapa kelompok agama menentang KB dengan alasan moral. Beberapa kelompok agama mengajarkan bahwa metode keluarga berencana yang tidak bermoral karena mereka memisahkan dua tujuan dari hubungan suami-istri dalam pernikahan yaitu melanjutkan keturunan.

Kesimpulannya, pengendalian kelahiran adalah pilihan di antara orang tua apakah mereka ingin membatasi anak-anak mereka, membatasi jarak antara anak-anak, atau tidak memiliki anak sama sekali. Pastinya ada beberapa alasan di balik pilihan mereka untuk melakukan KB seperti alasan ekonomi, sosial, atau mungkin kesehatan. Saya setuju bahwa memiliki anak adalah tujuan pernikahan. Namun, untuk mencegah ledakan populasi, kita perlu mengambil tindakan dan KB adalah jawaban terbaik.

Related Articles : Explanation Text (Complete Explanation)

Oke. I think that’s all my explanation about Discussion text. I hope it will be useful for us. I hope you are never bored to visit this site. Don’t forget to visit this site if you need English reference in your study. See you next time..

Reference :
Rudi Hartono, Genre of Texts, (Semarang: English Department Faculty of Language and Art Semarang State University, 2005).
Text Genre, Grammar: Technologies for Teaching and Assessing Writing, Peter Knapp & Megan Watkins, New South Wales Press, Ltd : Australia
Mark Andersons and Kathy Andersons, Text Type in English 1-2, Australia: MacMillanEducation, 2003.

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BRITISH Course Admin is an English teacher and undergraduate student of university in central java. English is a favorite lesson during admin's study. This site is a space to share English lesson to contribute in English development for English learner. Admin hopes this site can be useful for all of us.


  1. Can the discussion text solve all problems related to pros and cons? If so, are the conclusions drawn at the end of the discussion always suitable for use by the public at large?

  2. Can the discussion text solve all problems related to pros and cons? If so, are the conclusions drawn at the end of the discussion always suitable for use by the public at large?

    • Because in discussion text, there two point of view. So, after explaining one point of view, continued by second point of view, it usually uses contrastive conjunction.

    • The first statement or point of view is usually pro statement. It followed the second statement that contra with the first statement

  3. Is there persuasive nature in the discussion text?
    If there is persuasiveness, What makes it different from the exposition text?

    • In exposition text, there is one opinion followed some arguments. In discussion text, there are two opinion (point of view). So, both of them are different.

  4. In the end of the text contains recommendations from writer, what is the difference between recommendation on discussion text and hortatory exposition?

    • The recommendation in hortatory exposition is based on one opinion. Then, the recommendation in discussion text is based of two opinions that is collaborated.

  5. In Bahasa Indonesia lesson, discussion text can be divided into several types (i.e sarasehan, simposium, muktamar, etc.). Is there any resemblance for the english version?

    • Actually, discussion text in Bahasa Indonesia lesson is same in English lesson. But, In English lesson, the types of discussion text is not discussed. It is because, in English lesson, the explanation in discussion text is just the important point about it.

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