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Online English Course – ‘When’, ‘if’ and ‘in case’

Hallo my beloved Englsih students.
What is your activity today? Do you still have time to study English. Here we will study English again. Are you ready to study English? Ready? Yes, Excellent. English is so exiting, right?. You must feel happy in learning English. It’s also very important for us guys. By having good competence in English, you will have a better future. Oke, Let’s learn it again here. Never give up to be excellent English speaker, guys. If we master English, we will make our parent proud to us. I am sure you want to make your parent proud to you, right?

In this night, I want to share English lesson video. Before you watch this video, you can prepare a glass of tea to accompany you watch this video. I hope you can enjoy this video. I want to share this video because this video in very useful for you in learning English. This video is very interesting. I am sure you will not feel bored to watch this video. Let’s study English together here by watching this video together. Ok, Check it out..

Description and transcript of the video above
Honza from the Czech Republic says: what is the difference between the use of when and if in all types of conditional sentences?

And Trung from Vietnam, who writes: would you please explain to me the differences in use between in case and if?

Dan has the answer.

Watch the video and complete the activity here: http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningenglish/english/course/english-you-need/unit-25/session-5

Transcript
Hi guys! Dan for BBC Learning English here with this week’s Learner Question. Find out what it is after this.

OK! This week’s Learner Question comes from Honza from the Czech Republic, who writes: what is the difference between the use of when and if in all types of conditional sentences? And Trung from Vietnam, who writes: would you please explain to me the differences in use between in case and if? It’s a double learner question. you’re getting value for money now aren’t you? OK, guys – pay attention.

So, we use when for things that are certain to happen in the future. For example, I’ll give you a ring when I get home from work. Now note that although the time reference is clearly in the future, we use the present tense in the when clause.

We use if for things that may or may not happen, or that we’re not certain about. For example, if I decide to come to London this year, I’ll give you a call.

Now in all of these examples we’re talking about future conditions and whether we use when or if depends upon the certainty of things happening in our opinion. However, when and if are interchangeable when we’re talking about things in general. And in this case if can mean whenever. For example, I keep the air-conditioning on at night if, when, or whenever the temperature goes above 30 degrees. Did you get it?

We use in case to talk about taking precautions. That means doing something because something else might happen. For example, I’ve brought some candles in case there’s a power cut. When we use in case, we’re describing possible future situations, but when we use if, we’re talking about conditions that might apply. Compare the difference: I’ll fill up the car with petrol in case you need to go to Brighton. That means, I’ll fill up the car now and you might go later. However, I’ll fill up the car with petrol if you need to go to Brighton means tell me that you’re going to Brighton and then I’ll fill up the car.

Honza, Trung I hope that answers your question. Thank you very much for writing to us. If anybody else out there has a question for Learners’ Questions, you can email us on: learning.english@bbc.co.uk. Please remember to put Learners’ Questions in the subject box and your name and where you’re writing from. We get a lot of emails, guys, and I’m afraid we can’t answer every single one because there are just too many, but we do read them all. And for more information, go to our website: bbclearningenglish.com. That’s it for this week’s Learners’ Questions. I’ll see you next time. Bye!

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Ok. That’s the English lesson video. Do you like it? Are you satisfied? What do you think about this video? I hope by learning English here, your English skill be better.

Why studying any language by watching video is important for us? of course, it is very important, because by watching video we will feel enjoy, we will also not feel bored in learning process, especially in learning English. We don’t need to open a book, we just, listen and watch. It is very simple right.

One important thing that you must remember, you must always increase your English skill. And don’t forget to practice your English, because English is habit. If you always practice to speak English, I am sure you will master English. Actually, English in not difficult, English is very easy, if we learn English diligently. Ok, I think that’s all. See ya…

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