I think we will feel enjoy, if in this afternoon we use to learn English, especially English grammar. Do you want to study English grammar? Grammar is one of important aspect of English. If you understand about grammar, your English will be perfect. You will also be able to understand English text easily.
Well, in this occasion, I will give explanation about “Noun”.
Do you ever hear about this material before? If you are not, please pay attention my explanation about this material and read this material carefully. Oke, check this out.
What is a Noun?
noun (noun): a word (except a pronoun) that identifies a person, place or thing, or names one of them (proper noun)
The simple definition is: a person, place or thing. Here are some examples:
It’s not easy to describe a noun. In simple terms, nouns are “things” (and verbs are “actions”). Like food. Food (n) is something you eat (v). Or happiness. Happiness (n) is something you want (v). Or human being. A human being (n) is something you are (v).
A noun is a part of speech that is used to name a person, place, thing, quality, or action. A noun can function as a subject, object, complement, appositive, or object of a preposition.
Nouns refer to persons, animals, places, things, ideas, or events, etc. Nouns encompass most of the words of a language.
Noun can be a/an –
- Person – a name for a person: – Max, Julie, Catherine, Michel, Bob, etc.
- Animal – a name for an animal: – dog, cat, cow, kangaroo, etc.
- Place – a name for a place: – London, Australia, Canada, Mumbai, etc.
- Thing – a name for a thing: – bat, ball, chair, door, house, computer, etc.
- Idea – A name for an idea: – devotion, superstition, happiness, excitement, etc.
Different types of nouns
There are different types of nouns:
- An abstract noun names an idea, event, quality, or concept (freedom, love, courage…) Concrete nouns name something recognizable through the sense (table, dog, house…)
- Animate nouns refer to a person, animal, or other creature (man, elephant, chicken…) An inanimate noun refers to a material object (stone, wood, table…)
- A collective noun describes a group of things or people as a unit (family, flock, audience…)
- Common noun is the name of a group of similar things (table, book, window…) Proper nouns, however, refer to the name of a single person, place or thing (John, Joseph, London…)
- Compound nouns refer to two or more nouns combined to form a single noun (sister-in-law, schoolboy, fruit juice)
- Countable (or count) nouns have a singular and a plural form. In plural, these nouns can be used with a number- they can be counted. (friends, chairs, houses, boys…) Uncountable (or non count) nouns, however, can only be used in singular. They can’t be counted. (money, bread, water, coffee…)
Singular and Plural Nouns
A noun names a person, place, thing, or idea.
Usually, the first page of a grammar book tells you about nouns. Nouns give names of concrete or abstract things in our lives. As babies learn “mom,” “dad,” or “milk” as their first word, nouns should be the first topic when you study a foreign language.
For the plural form of most nouns, add s.
- bottle – bottles
- cup – cups
- pencil – pencils
- desk – desks
- sticker – stickers
- window – windows
For nouns that end in ch, x, s, or s sounds, add es.
- box – boxes
- watch – watches
- moss – mosses
- bus – buses
For nouns ending in f or fe, change f to v and add es.
- wolf – wolves
- wife – wives
- leaf – leaves
- life – lives
Some nouns have different plural forms.
- child – children
- woman – women
- man – men
- mouse – mice
- goose – geese
Nouns ending in vowels like y or o do not have definite rules.
- baby – babies
- toy – toys
- kidney – kidneys
- potato – potatoes
- memo – memos
- stereo – stereos
A few nouns have the same singular and plural forms.
- sheep – sheep
- deer – deer
- series – series
- species – species
Choose the correct form of the noun in each sentence.
1)I have three (child, children).
2)There are five (man, men) and one (woman, women).
3)(Baby, Babies) play with bottles as toys.
4)I put two big (potato, potatoes) in the lunch box.
5)A few men wear (watch, watches).
6)I put a (memo, memos) on the desk.
7)I saw a (mouse, mice) running by.
8)There are few (bus, buses) on the road today.
2) men, woman
Count Nouns vs. Non-Count Nouns
Can be counted as one or more.
- pen, computer, bottle, spoon, desk, cup, television, chair, shoe, finger, flower, camera, stick, balloon, book, table, comb, etc.
Take an s to form the plural.
- pens, computers, bottles, spoons, desks, cups, televisions, chairs, shoes, fingers, flowers, cameras, sticks, balloons, books, tables, combs, etc.
Work with expressions such as (a few, few, many, some, every, each, these, and the number of).
- a few pens, a few computers, many bottles, some spoons, every desk, each cup, these televisions, the number of chairs, a few shoes, a few fingers, many flowers, some cameras, every stick, each balloon, these books, the number of tables, many combs, etc.
Work with appropriate articles (a, an, or the).
- a pen, the computer, a bottle, the spoon, a desk, the cup, a television, the chair, a shoe, the finger, a flower, the camera, a stick, the balloon, a book, the table, a comb, etc.
Do NOT work with much (for example, you would never say much pens or much computers).
Cannot be counted. They usually express a group or a type.
- water, wood, ice, air, oxygen, English, Spanish, traffic, furniture, milk, wine, sugar, rice, meat, flour, soccer, sunshine, etc.
Generally cannot be pluralized.
Work both with and without an article (a, an, or the), depending on the context of the sentence.
- Sugar is sweet.
- The sunshine is beautiful.
- I drink milk.
- He eats rice.
- We watch soccer together.
- The wood is burning.
Work with expressions such as (some, any, enough, this, that, and much).
- We ate some rice and milk.
- I hope to see some sunshine today.
- This meat is good.
- She does not speak much Spanish.
- Do you see any traffic on the road?
- That wine is very old.
Do NOT work with expressions such as (these, those, every, each, either, or neither).
Choose all of the non-count nouns in the following list:
wine, student, pen, water, wind, milk, computer, furniture, cup, rice, box, watch, potato, wood
wine, water, wind, milk, furniture, rice, wood
Okey, That’s all my explanation about this point. Thanks for your attention and thanks for visiting this website. See you next time…