Hortatory Exposition Text : Definition, Purposes, Generic Structures, Language Features

Jika sobat membaca sebuah artikel dan di bagian artikel tersebut terdapat sebuah ajakan untuk melakukan sesatu??? Pasti sobat saat itu sedang membaca sebuah contoh dari teks yang tergolong Hortatory Exposition Text. Jadi intinya Hortatory Exposition Text adalah teks yang berusaha membujuk pembaca melakukan sesuatu atau bertindak dalam cara tertentu atau bisa dikatakan sebuah text yang bersifat membujuk. Untuk lebih jelasnya silahkan baca penjelasan berikut

Definition of Hortatory exposition Text
Hortatory exposition is a text which represents the attempt of the writer to have the addressee do something or act in certain way.

Generic Structure of Hortatory exposition Text
# Thesis : Thesis is the announcement of issue concern.
# Arguments : Argument is reason for concern, leading to recommendation.
# Recommendation : Recommendation is statement of what ought or ought to happen.

Purpose of Hortatory Exposition
Hortatory exposition is used to persuade the reader or listener that something should pr should not be the case.

The Characteristics / Language Feature of Hortatory exposition Text:
– Focusing on the writer
– Using abstract noun; policy, advantage, etc
– Using action verb
– Using thinking verb
– Using modal adverb; certainly, surely, etc
– Using temporal connective; firstly, secondly, etc
– Using evaluative words; important, valuable, trustworthy, etc
– Using passive voice
– Using simple present tense



Example of Hortatory Exposition Text

Contoh Hortatory Exposition – Never Try Smoking

Never Try Smoking

A lot of people, especially teenagers, who do not smoke, always want to try smoking. They know it is bad for them and all, but it is just something they want to try. So they ask one of their smoker friends for a cigarette. Admittedly, they firstly can not light it on their own so they ask his friend to do it. Then they inhale that cigarette and smoke occasionally.

Apparently that makes them the born smokers. Now they do smoke fairly regularly. They can not avoid smoking and they enjoy too. They have smoker friends. Everyday they bring a pack in their pocket. For them, a pack of cigarette is as important as a wallet for their money.

Suddenly, for certain reason, they realize the fact that tobacco is the cause of a long list of nasty diseases. It is not only heart disease, stroke, and chronic lung disease but also bladder, lung, and pancreatic cancer. Even it was reported that around 400,000 Americans died each year. It was one every 80 seconds from tobacco-related illnesses.

Then they decide it is stupid to harm selves. They want to quit smoking. Unfortunately, they find that quitting smoking is so difficult. “Why can’t I stop smoking? I really want to stop it”. It is hard to quit because nicotine is powerfully addictive. Cigarette is one of the most efficient drug-delivery devices ever devised. As result, when people try to quit smoking, they often experience classic nicotine withdrawal symptoms such as anxiety, irritability, headache, depression, and restlessness.
Well, still want to try smoke? Think the facts before trying! If you are not smoker, you should never and never try to smoke.

Contoh Hortatory Exposition tentang Pariwisata

Tourism Benefit on Local People

What is the benefit of tourism for local people? Well, Tourism is now a huge contributor to the economies of most countries. Tourism industries can bring money, job vacancy and advancement especially to developing regions. However, this money often goes into the pockets of foreign investors, and only rarely benefits for local people.

Tourism industries will not give much benefit for local people if, for example, multinational hotel chains don’t care about the surrounding nature when they build new hotels. This can cause many social, cultural and geographical problems. Some local people may get job and money from that International hotel chain. However in case of missing that opportunity, some of them still have their own environment.

Moreover, some facts show that tourists tend to go, visit and spend their money in restaurants, bars and even luxury hotels of that multinational chains. They less go to such places; restaurant, bar, hotel, shop which are owned by local people. This can prevent the local people’s business from becoming even larger.
Most important thing, tours or excursions of tourism have little effect on nature. Even it can disrupt or destroy ecosystems and environments, and if it does, the local people will get the risk.

So the local government policies should be put in place to ensure that tourism will make the benefit spreading widely. The policies should guarantee that tourism will not cause any harm to any local people or places.

Terjemahan

Manfaat Wisata bagi Masyarakat Lokal

Apa manfaat pariwisata bagi masyarakat setempat? Nah, Pariwisata sekarang menjadi penyumbang besar bagi perekonomian kebanyakan negara. Industri pariwisata bisa mendatangkan uang, lowongan kerja dan kemajuan terutama ke daerah berkembang. Namun, uang ini sering masuk ke kantong investor asing, dan jarang sekali memberi manfaat bagi masyarakat setempat.

Industri pariwisata tidak akan memberi banyak manfaat bagi masyarakat setempat, misalnya, rantai hotel multinasional tidak peduli dengan alam sekitar saat mereka membangun hotel baru. Hal ini dapat menyebabkan banyak masalah sosial, budaya dan geografis. Beberapa orang lokal mungkin mendapatkan pekerjaan dan uang dari jaringan hotel internasional. Namun dalam kasus kehilangan kesempatan itu, beberapa di antaranya masih memiliki lingkungan sendiri.

Selain itu, beberapa fakta menunjukkan bahwa wisatawan cenderung pergi, mengunjungi dan menghabiskan uang mereka di restoran, bar dan bahkan hotel mewah dari rantai multinasional tersebut. Mereka kurang pergi ke tempat seperti itu; restoran, bar, hotel, toko yang dimiliki oleh masyarakat setempat. Hal ini dapat mencegah usaha masyarakat lokal menjadi semakin besar.
Yang terpenting, wisata atau wisata pariwisata kurang berpengaruh pada alam. Bahkan bisa mengganggu atau menghancurkan ekosistem dan lingkungan, dan jika memang demikian, masyarakat setempat akan mendapatkan risikonya.

Jadi kebijakan pemerintah daerah harus disiapkan agar pariwisata bisa dimanfaatkan secara luas. Kebijakan tersebut harus menjamin bahwa pariwisata tidak akan menyebabkan kerugian bagi masyarakat atau tempat manapun.

Contoh Hortatory Exposition tentang Pentingnya Mengkonsumsi Air Putih

Consume Water to Have Beauty

As we know that so much water in the world. There are many kinds of water that we can consume every day all time.

Consuming water can be made as therapy of disease, because water that we consume with enough amounts and the right method can purify of poisons in our body. The therapy of water can save water availability in the body.

Therapy of water can keep the beauty too. Skins is the out part of the body that has contact with dirty air, sun light and pollutions. To keep the skin elasticity, water is needed in the enough amounts. Water can dampen of skin until not easy to dry and make crimp.

To keep the balancing of size body, water is needed. In fact, water can increase the metabolism and pressing of eat desire. Consume a lot of water can filtrate much calories.

So, let’s consume water everyday at least eight glasses to keep our healthy and beauty. But, the water must be clean and hygiene. Find, buy and consume the best mineral water!

Source: fatiyaulfa.blogspot.com/2010/12/example-of-hortatory-text.html

Terjemahan

Konsumsilah Air untuk Miliki Kecantikan

Seperti kita ketahui begitu banyak air di dunia ini. Ada banyak jenis air yang bisa kita konsumsi setiap hari sepanjang waktu.

Mengkonsumsi air bisa dijadikan terapi penyakit, karena air yang kita konsumsi cukup banyak dan metode yang tepat bisa memurnikan racun dalam tubuh kita. Terapi air bisa menghemat ketersediaan air dalam tubuh.

Terapi air juga bisa menjaga kecantikan. Kulit adalah bagian luar tubuh yang memiliki kontak dengan udara kotor, sinar matahari dan polusi. Untuk menjaga elastisitas kulit, dibutuhkan air dalam jumlah yang cukup. Air bisa meredam kulit hingga tidak mudah mengering dan membuat keriting.

Untuk menjaga keseimbangan ukuran tubuh, diperlukan air. Padahal, air bisa meningkatkan metabolisme dan menekan keinginan makan. Mengkonsumsi banyak air bisa menyaring banyak kalori.

Jadi, mari kita konsumsi air setiap hari setidaknya delapan gelas untuk menjaga kesehatan dan kecantikan kita. Tapi, airnya harus bersih dan bersih. Temukan, beli dan konsumsi air mineral terbaik!

Baca juga : Analytical Exposition Text : Definition, Purposes, Generic Structures, Language Features

Demikianlah Penjelasan dari British Course tentang Hortatory Exposition Text. Semoga dengan membaca penjelasan dari kami di atas dapat menambah pemahaman tentang materi ini. Oke cukup sekian, dan trimakasih atas kunjungannya. Jika ada pertanyaan atau komentar mengenai materi ini silahkan tinggalkan komentar..

Reference :
Rudi Hartono, Genre of Texts, (Semarang: English Department Faculty of Language and Art Semarang State University, 2005).
https://www.englishindo.com/2012/03/hortatory-exposition-penjelasan-contoh.html
Text Genre, Grammar: Technologies for Teaching and Assessing Writing, Peter Knapp & Megan Watkins, New South Wales Press, Ltd : Australia
Mark Andersons and Kathy Andersons, Text Type in English 1-2, Australia: MacMillanEducation, 2003.

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