Hortatory Exposition Text ; Definition, Generic Structures, Purposes, Language Features

Hallo everybody.
Hortatory Exposition Text – Do you ever read an article and in that article section there is an invitation to do something? Surely, in that time you are reading an example of a text belong to Hortatory Exposition Text. Exposition?? Why the word is same with Analytical Exposition ?? Yup, hortatory exposition and analytical exposition are text belong to one class, but they are different.

Well, to understand more about what is hortatory exposition text and how to create this kind of text and what are the similarities and differences with the analytical exposition text, British Course on this occasion will try to present an explanation of hortatory exposition. I hope it will be useful. Check this out !!!

Definition of Hortatory Exposition

As Analytical Exposition Text, Hortatory Exposition Text is a kind of English text that belongs to the argumentative text . Hortatory Exposition is a type of English text which represents the author’s attempt to influence the reader to do something or act in a particular way. In Hortatory Exposition Text, the authors give some opinions about certain things to reinforce the main idea of the text.

Unlike Analytical Exposition Text, Hortatory Exposition Text presents Recommendation in the end of paragraph of Hortatory Exposition Text. In this Recommendation, the author tries to invite and persuade the reader to do something. This is very different from the Analytical Exposition which puts Reiteration or rewrites the main idea of a text as the closing of the text without invitation or recommendation.



Here, I will present definition of Hortatory Exposition Text that usually mentions in the Indonesian English books:

Hortatory exposition is a text which represents the attempt of the writer to have the addressee do something or act in certain way.

That is the simple definition of hortatory exposition text, if you are still difficult to understand this text. Let’s look at the generic structure and language feature ..

Generic structure Hortatory Exposition

# Thesis
The writer point of view about the topic discussed.
# Arguments
Series of argument which strengthen the thesis stated before.
# Recommendation
The writer gives recommendation to the reader.

Purpose of Hortatory Exposition

Hortatory exposition is used to persuade the reader or listener that something should or should not be the case or be done.

Language feature of Hortatory Exposition

1. Simple present tense
2. There are several arguments that begin with, firstly, secondly, thirdly ..
3. It contain recommendation that begins with :
– In my opinion, it’s better …
– I think … should ….
– I think … should be ……
– For these reasons …. Should …

Example of Hortatory Exposition

Example of Hortatory Exposition Text about Breakfast

Why Students Should Eat Breakfast Everyday

THESIS : A lot of people, especially young people, go through the day without having breakfast. Many people believe that it is not necessary, or they say that they don’t have time for that, and begin their day with no meal. I believe that everyone should eat breakfast before going to their activities. The purpose of this paper is to show the importance of breakfast, especially for students.

ARGUMENT 1 :The first reason why you should eat breakfast before going to school is for your health. When you skip breakfast and go to school, you are looking for a disease because it’s not healthy to have an empty stomach all day long. It’s very important to have a meal and not let your stomach work empty. All you are going to get is gastritis and a lot of problems with your health if you don’t eat breakfast.

ARGUMENT 2 :Another reason for eating breakfast is because you need food for to do well in your classes. You body and your brain are not going to function as good as they could because you have no energy and no strength. When you try to learn something and have nothing in your stomach, you are going to have a lot of trouble succeeding. A lot of people think that they should not eat because they are going to feel tired, but that’s not true. Breakfast is not a very big meal, and on the contrary, you’re going to feel tired if you don’t have breakfast because you have spent the entire previous night without food.

ARGUMENT 3: The last reason to have breakfast every day is because you can avoid diseases if you eat some breakfast in the morning. If you don’t eat, you are going to get sick, and these diseases will have a stronger effect on you because you’re going to get sick easier than people who have breakfast every day.

RECOMMENDATION : You have to realize that breakfast is the most important meal of the day, and you cannot skip it without consequences for your health, your school and your defense mechanism. It is better to wake up earlier and have a good breakfast that run to school without eating anything. It is time for you to do something for your health, and eating breakfast is the better way to start your day.

Example of Hortatory Exposition Text about Exercise

Why People Should Exercise

THESIS : In the past, I have never been inclined to participate in sports. Honestly, I didn’t like it, but many persons whom I lived with kept telling me everyday how good it was. Since the peer pressure was growing, I decided to go to the gym. It wasn’t until then that I could really understand people when they said exercise really helped a person get organized and keep yourself in a healthy physically and mentally.

ARGUMENT 1 : For starters, when you are a lazy person, it is difficult to take the first step, but it is all a matter of committing yourself to something that will provide you a lot of positive feedback. Once you start doing exercise and observing positive results, you actually enjoy it. It takes a lot of effort and strong will, but it’s worth it. The principal thing to do is to participate in an activity you like. If you do you’ll start organizing your day in a way that enables you to do everything you have to, including exercising. You will no longer be a person stressed-out without time to carry on with all your activities.

ARGUMENT 2: Second, it is obvious that once you exercise you will have a better condition. You will be healthier in a physical way. It is probable that you will lose weight and your muscles will get stronger and stronger. Your body will feel good, full of energy and it will respond immediately to any action you want to do, any activity that has to be done with high spirits.

ARGUMENT 3: The third reason why exercising is good is that it affects you positively in a mental and psychological way. Doing exercise helps you set specific goals which along with strong will can be achieved. When you do that, you are aware of your abilities, accept your weaknesses, and your self-esteem goes up. Any sport distracts you because it helps you not to think about school, friends, problems, among other things. It brings you time to think about yourself and no one else. It helps you keep your mind busy and to avoid dangerous habits like drugs.

RECOMMENDATION : Doing exercise is very important to any person of any age. The positive effects of exercising, which I’ve already mentioned, are like a chain. Once you do a sports activity that you like, you get organized; therefore, you start doing things the right way and get enormous benefits which make you feel good as a whole human being. You start living your life happily.

Example of Hortatory Exposition about School Activity

The Importance of Extracurricular Activities

Extracurricular activities are non-subject education activities and counseling services to assist the development of learners according to their needs, potentials, talents, and interests through activities that are specifically organized by educators and / or educational personnel who are capable and authorized in the school. Extracurricular is highly recommended to be followed by each students because it has a lot of benefits.

The benefits of extracurricular activities are numerous. Students can get useful knowledge. In any selected extra-curricular activities, there are certainly basic knowledge. For example, English Club extracurricular where students can learn the grammar properly and correctly. Another example is forming school bands, it can explore students talent in music so their talents are not buried.

Through extracurricular students can cultivate a sportive spirit in various competitions (eg; basketball or football) whether it is held internally in school or outside the schools. Extra curricular can also teach the students the meaning of organization, eventhough on a small scale. In that organization, students can learn to be leaders, administrators, or even learn to make an interesting event in an extracurricular exhibition and many more positive things that students can gain by following extracurricular activities.

In order to develop students’ interests and talents, they can choose any extracurricular which suits their ability. However, do not forget to manage the time between academic activities and extracurricular activities.

Arti dalam Bahasa Indonesia:

Pentingnya Kegiatan Ekstrakurikuler

Kegiatan ekstrakurikuler adalah kegiatan pendidikan dan pelayanan konseling untuk mengukur perkembangan siswa berdasarkan kebutuhhan, potensi, bakat dan minat siswa melalui kegiatan-kegitan yang terorganisir secara spesifik oleh para pengajar yang berwenang dan berkemampuan di sekolah. Ekstrakurikuler sangat direkomendasikan agar diikuti oleh tiap siswa karena memiliki banyak manfaat.

Manfaat dari kegiatan ekstrakurikuler sangat banyak. Para siswa dapat mendapatkan banyak pengetahuan yang berguna. Di tiap-tiap kegiatan ekstrakurikuler yang dipilih siswa, pasti ada pengetahuan dasar yang mereka dapat. Sebagai contoh, ekstrakurikuler Klub Bahasa Inggris dimana para siswa dapat belajar tentang penggunaan grammar secara tepat dan benar. Contoh lain adalah membentuk band sekolah, ini dapat mengembangkan kemampuan siswa dalam bermusik sehingga bakat mereka tidak terkubur.

Melalui kegiatan ekstrakurikuler siswa juga dapat menumbuhkan jiwa sportifnya dalam berbagai macam kompetisi (eg; bola basket atau bola kaki) baik yang diselenggarakan oleh sekolah maupun di luar sekolah. Kegiatan ekstrakurikuler juga dapat mengajarkan para siswa arti dari berorganisasi, walaupun hanya dalam skala kecil. Di dalam organisasi tersebut, para siswa dapat belajar bagaimana untuk menjadi pemimpin, bagian administrasi, atau bahkan belajar untuk menyelenggarakan acara menarik disebuah pameran ekstrakurikuler dan masih banyak lagi manfaat positif yang dapat siswa peroleh dengan mengikuti kegiatan ekstrakurikuler.

Untuk mengembangkan minat dan bakat para siswa, mereka dapat memilih jenis kegiatan ekstrakurikuler apapun yang sesuai dengan kemampuan mereka. Akan tetapi, jangan lupa untuk membagi waktu antara kegiatan akademis dan kegiatan ekstrakurikuler.

Example of Hortatory Exposition about Education

Character Education For Teenagers

Teenagers is a period experienced by children during junior high. This is a period when transition begins, starting from the age of 10 to 21. At this time period the teenager is looking for their identity. That’s why they should get character education in order to become a generation that is honest, creative, caring, polite, and have self-esteem.

Teenager is a difficult time because it takes more self-control than during the childhood. In this period teenagers need adults to lead them to positive behavior, so they would not be easy affected to negative actions. If the control is good then the teenager can be a child who make their parents proud.

This character education can create successful teenagers. In character education teenagers also been taught religious values ??that can build better personality of the teenagers, so they will grown up as sensitive people in the social environment. In addition, they are also been taught the value of tolerance, love peace and other value of humanity ??in order to form teenagers who love their surrounding.

Thus, positive values ??in character education can lead to create excellent teenagers. They can also compete well at national and international levels. Positive value in character education can also make teenagers activities directed and will have good personality.

Arti dalam Bahasa Indonesia:

Pendidikan Karakter Bagi Remaja

Masa remaja adalah suatu periode yang dialami oleh anak-anak selama sekolah menegah pertama (SMP). Pada periode inilah masa peralihan/transisi terjadi, mulai dari usia 10 sampai 21 tahun. Pada periode ini para remaja sedang mencari jati diri mereka. Karena itulah mereka harus mendapatkan pendidikan karakter agar mereka menjadi sebuah generasi yang jujur, kreatif, peduli, sopan dan percaya diri.

Masa remaja adalah masa yang sulit karena masa ini membutuhkan kontrol diri yang lebih dibandingkan masa kanak-kanak. Pada masa ini remaja membutuhkan orang dewasa untuk mengarahkan mereka ke perilaku positif, sehingga mereka tidak akan mudah terpengaruh untuk melakukan tindakan negatif. Jika pengendalian diri mereka baik tentu remaja akan menjadi seorang anak yang membanggakan kedua orangtuanya.

Pendidikan karakter ini dapat menciptakan remaja yang berprestasi. Pada pendidikan berkarakter remaja juga diajarkan tentang nilai-nilai agama yang dapat membangun pribadi yang lebih baik, sehingga mereka akan tumbuh menjado seseorang yang peka terhadap lingkungan sosial. Selain itu, mereka juga diajarkan nilai-nilai toleransi, cinta damai dan nilai-nilai kemanusiaan lainnya agar mereka terbentuk menjadi remaja yang mencintai lingkungan sekitarnya.

Dengan demikian, nilai-nilai positif dalam pendidikan berkarakter dapat membentuk remaja yang membanggakan. Mereka juga dapat bersaing dengan baik di tingkat nasional maupun internasional. Nilai positive dalam pendidikan karakter juga dapat membuat kegiatan remaja menjadi terarah dan mereka memiliki kepribadian yang baik.

Oke. I think that’s all my explanation about Hortatory Exposition Text. I hope it will be useful for us. And I hope you are never bored to visit this site. Don’t forget to visit this site if you need English reference in your study. See you next time..

Reference :
Rudi Hartono, Genre of Texts, (Semarang: English Department Faculty of Language and Art Semarang State University, 2005).
https://www.englishindo.com/2012/03/hortatory-exposition-penjelasan-contoh.html
Text Genre, Grammar: Technologies for Teaching and Assessing Writing, Peter Knapp & Megan Watkins, New South Wales Press, Ltd : Australia
Mark Andersons and Kathy Andersons, Text Type in English 1-2, Australia: MacMillanEducation, 2003.

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