Hortatory Exposition Text – Do you ever read an article and in the article section there is an invitation to do something? Surely, in that time you are reading an example of text belong to Hortatory Exposition Text. Exposition?? Why the word is same with Analytical Exposition ?? Yup, hortatory exposition and analytical exposition are texts belong to one class, but they are different.
Well, to understand more about what is hortatory exposition text and how to create this kind of text and what are the similarities and differences with the analytical exposition text, British Course on this occasion will try to present an explanation of hortatory exposition text. I hope it will be useful. Check this out !!!
Definition of Hortatory Exposition
As Analytical Exposition Text, Hortatory Exposition Text is a kind of English text that belongs to the argumentative text. Hortatory Exposition is a type of English text which represents the author’s attempt to influence the reader to do something or act in a particular way. In Hortatory Exposition Text, the authors give some opinions about certain things to reinforce the main idea of the text.
Unlike Analytical Exposition Text, Hortatory Exposition Text presents Recommendation in the end of paragraph of Hortatory Exposition Text. In this Recommendation, the author tries to invite and persuade the reader to do something. This is very different from the Analytical Exposition which puts Reiteration or rewrites the main idea of the text as the closing of the text without invitation or recommendation.
Here, I will present definition of Hortatory Exposition Text that usually mentions in the Indonesian English books:
Hortatory exposition is a text which represents the attempt of the writer to have the addressee do something or act in certain way.
That is the simple definition of hortatory exposition text, if you are still difficult to understand this text. Let’s look at the generic structure and language feature ..
Generic structure Hortatory Exposition
The writer point of view about the topic discussed.
Series of argument which strengthen the thesis stated before.
The writer gives recommendation to the reader.
Purpose of Hortatory Exposition
Hortatory exposition is used to persuade the reader or listener that something should or should not be the case or be done.
Language feature of Hortatory Exposition
1. Simple present tense
2. There are several arguments that begin with, firstly, secondly, thirdly ..
3. It contain recommendation that begins with :
– In my opinion, it’s better …
– I think … should ….
– I think … should be ……
– For these reasons …. Should …
Example of Hortatory Exposition
Example of Hortatory Exposition Text about Breakfast
Why Students Should Eat Breakfast Everyday
THESIS : A lot of people, especially young people, go through the day without having breakfast. Many people believe that it is not necessary, or they say that they don’t have time for that, and begin their day with no meal. I believe that everyone should eat breakfast before going to their activities. The purpose of this paper is to show the importance of breakfast, especially for students.
ARGUMENT 1 :The first reason why you should eat breakfast before going to school is for your health. When you skip breakfast and go to school, you are looking for a disease because it’s not healthy to have an empty stomach all day long. It’s very important to have a meal and not let your stomach work empty. All you are going to get is gastritis and a lot of problems with your health if you don’t eat breakfast.
ARGUMENT 2 :Another reason for eating breakfast is because you need food for to do well in your classes. You body and your brain are not going to function as good as they could because you have no energy and no strength. When you try to learn something and have nothing in your stomach, you are going to have a lot of trouble succeeding. A lot of people think that they should not eat because they are going to feel tired, but that’s not true. Breakfast is not a very big meal, and on the contrary, you’re going to feel tired if you don’t have breakfast because you have spent the entire previous night without food.
ARGUMENT 3: The last reason to have breakfast every day is because you can avoid diseases if you eat some breakfast in the morning. If you don’t eat, you are going to get sick, and these diseases will have a stronger effect on you because you’re going to get sick easier than people who have breakfast every day.
RECOMMENDATION : You have to realize that breakfast is the most important meal of the day, and you cannot skip it without consequences for your health, your school and your defense mechanism. It is better to wake up earlier and have a good breakfast that run to school without eating anything. It is time for you to do something for your health, and eating breakfast is the better way to start your day.
Example of Hortatory Exposition Text about Exercise
Why People Should Exercise
THESIS : In the past, I have never been inclined to participate in sports. Honestly, I didn’t like it, but many persons whom I lived with kept telling me everyday how good it was. Since the peer pressure was growing, I decided to go to the gym. It wasn’t until then that I could really understand people when they said exercise really helped a person get organized and keep yourself in a healthy physically and mentally.
ARGUMENT 1 : For starters, when you are a lazy person, it is difficult to take the first step, but it is all a matter of committing yourself to something that will provide you a lot of positive feedback. Once you start doing exercise and observing positive results, you actually enjoy it. It takes a lot of effort and strong will, but it’s worth it. The principal thing to do is to participate in an activity you like. If you do you’ll start organizing your day in a way that enables you to do everything you have to, including exercising. You will no longer be a person stressed-out without time to carry on with all your activities.
ARGUMENT 2: Second, it is obvious that once you exercise you will have a better condition. You will be healthier in a physical way. It is probable that you will lose weight and your muscles will get stronger and stronger. Your body will feel good, full of energy and it will respond immediately to any action you want to do, any activity that has to be done with high spirits.
ARGUMENT 3: The third reason why exercising is good is that it affects you positively in a mental and psychological way. Doing exercise helps you set specific goals which along with strong will can be achieved. When you do that, you are aware of your abilities, accept your weaknesses, and your self-esteem goes up. Any sport distracts you because it helps you not to think about school, friends, problems, among other things. It brings you time to think about yourself and no one else. It helps you keep your mind busy and to avoid dangerous habits like drugs.
RECOMMENDATION : Doing exercise is very important to any person of any age. The positive effects of exercising, which I’ve already mentioned, are like a chain. Once you do a sports activity that you like, you get organized; therefore, you start doing things the right way and get enormous benefits which make you feel good as a whole human being. You start living your life happily.
Example of Hortatory Exposition Text about Transportation
Why Should Wearing a Helmet when Riding Motorcycle
We often hear lots of stories from road regarding people taking spill on motorcycle when they are riding without using helmet. Mostly the riders badly end up in mess.
Wearing a fitted protective helmet offers many benefits which reduces the negative aspects of riding. First and the most important is that wearing the correct helmet can save a rider’s life, physical ability, family pain, and money. The recommended designs of motorcycle helmets can provide total protection. They not only protect riders from getting a worse road injured accident but also from flying bugs, such as rain, sleet, mud and other potential projectiles.
Second, wearing a helmet can gives the raiders a matter of style. Helmets give the opportunity for rider to express the image they may want to project when riding on they way. This benefit may not be important to some people, but to others, it means a lot and important. By choosing the most appropriate helmet from all of the various styles, such as beanie, shorty, German, and many others, wearing a helmet which can projecting an image is an inherent crucial part of motorcycling and help riders feel more confident when riding on the road.
However, what most important thing in wearing helmet when riding is a matter of using it properly. Bikers should use the helmets which are fixed to their head. It is really not good if they places simply the helmets on the head without settling them properly. The bikers should fasten the helmet correctly to their head in order to get safe and comfort.
How can we see the generic structure of the hortatory example above?
Thesis: the importance of wearing helmet which is stated in the first paragraph
Argumentative: Wearing helmet gives a total protection and giving a chance in imaging self which presented in the second paragraph.
Recommendation: Bikers should wear helmet properly to get the benefits.
Mengapa Harus Memakai Helm saat Mengendarai Motor
Kita sering mendengar banyak cerita dari jalan mengenai orang yang tumpah motor saat mengendarai tanpa menggunakan helm. Sebagian besar pengendaranya berakhir dengan berantakan.
Memakai helm pelindung yang pas menawarkan banyak manfaat yang mengurangi aspek negatif berkendara. Yang pertama dan yang terpenting adalah memakai helm yang benar bisa menyelamatkan nyawa pengendara, kemampuan fisik, rasa sakit keluarga, dan uang. Desain yang direkomendasikan dari helm sepeda motor dapat memberikan perlindungan total. Mereka tidak hanya melindungi pengendara dari jalan yang lebih parah mengalami kecelakaan namun juga dari serangga terbang, seperti hujan, hujan es, lumpur dan potensi proyektil lainnya.
Kedua, memakai helm bisa memberi pengendara semacam gaya. Helm memberi kesempatan kepada pengendara untuk mengekspresikan gambar yang mungkin ingin mereka proyeksikan saat menapaki jalan mereka. Manfaat ini mungkin tidak penting bagi beberapa orang, tapi bagi orang lain, itu berarti banyak dan penting. Dengan memilih helm yang paling tepat dari berbagai gaya, seperti beanie, shorty, Jerman, dan banyak lainnya, memakai helm yang dapat memproyeksikan gambar merupakan bagian penting dari sepeda motor dan membantu pengendara merasa lebih percaya diri saat berkendara di jalan.
Namun, hal yang paling penting dalam memakai helm saat mengendarai adalah masalah menggunakannya dengan benar. Pengendara harus menggunakan helm yang dipasang di kepala mereka. Ini benar-benar tidak baik jika mereka hanya menempatkan helm di kepala tanpa meletakkannya dengan benar. Para pengendara harus menempelkan helm dengan benar ke kepala mereka agar aman dan nyaman.
Related Articles : Analytical Exposition (Complete Explanation)
Oke. I think that’s all my explanation about Hortatory Exposition Text. I hope it will be useful for us. I hope you are never bored to visit this site. Don’t forget to visit this site if you need English reference in your study. See you next time..
Rudi Hartono, Genre of Texts, (Semarang: English Department Faculty of Language and Art Semarang State University, 2005).
Text Genre, Grammar: Technologies for Teaching and Assessing Writing, Peter Knapp & Megan Watkins, New South Wales Press, Ltd : Australia
Mark Andersons and Kathy Andersons, Text Type in English 1-2, Australia: MacMillanEducation, 2003.