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Discussion Text : Definition, Purposes, Generic Structures, Language Features

Discussion Text, saya pribadi lebih mengenalnya dengan Argumentative Essay, yaitu salah satu jenis teks yang memberikan dua pendapat mengenai suatu hal. Pendapat tersebut tentu ada yang selaras dan juga ada yang bertentangan.

Ketika kita sedang membicarakan suatu persoalan, tentunya kita memiliki berbagai pendapat / argumen yang beragam. Begitu juga dengan discussion text, teks ini memiliki dua pendapat yang berbeda; satu, pendapat yang setuju dan, dua, pendapat yang tidak setuju. Oleh karena itu kita harus memiliki pandangan luas mengenai suatu masalah jika kita ingin membuat discussion text.

Untuk lebih jelasnya ikuti penjelasan berikut.

Definition of Discussion Text
Discussion is a kind of genre used to present (at least) two points of view about an issue. (salah satu jenis teks yang memberikan dua pendapat mengenai suatu hal) / Discussion is a text which presents a problematic discourse. This problem will be discussed from different viewpoints. Discussion is commonly found in philosophical, historic, and social text.

Generic Structure of Discussion Text
# Statement of Issue: stating the issue which is to discussed
# List of Supporting Points: presenting the point in in supporting the presented issue
# List of Contrastive Point: presenting other points which disagree to the supporting point
# Recommendation: stating the writer’ recommendation of the discourse

The Characteristics / Language Feature of Discussion Text:
– Introducing category or generic participant
– Using thinking verb; feel, hope, believe, etc
– Using additive, contrastive, and causal connection; similarly, on the hand, however, etc
– Using modalities; must, should, could, may, etc
– Using adverbial of manner; deliberately, hopefully, etc

Example of Discussion Text

The Advantage and Disadvantage of Nuclear Power

Nuclear power is generated by using uranium which is a metal mined in various part of the world. The first large scale of nuclear power station was opened at Calder Hall in Cumbria, England in 1956.

Some military ships and submarines have nuclear power plant for engine. Nuclear power produces around 11% of the world’s energy needed, and produces huge amounts of energy. It cause no pollution as we would get when burning fossil fuels. The advantages of nuclear plant are as follow:
• It costs about the same coal, so it is not expansive to make.
• It does not produce smoke or carbon dioxide, so it does not contribute to the greenhouse effect.
• It produces huge amounts of energy from small amount of uranium.
• It produces small amount of waste.
• It is reliable.

On the other hand, nuclear power is very, very dangerous. It must be sealed up and buried for many years to allow the radioactivity to die away. Furthermore, although it is reliable, a lot of money has to be spent on safety because if it does go wrong, a nuclear accident ca be a major accident.
People are increasingly concerned about this matter. In the 1990’s nuclear power was the fastest growing source of power in many parts of the world.

Demikianlah Penjelasan dari British Course tentang Discussion Text. Semoga dengan membaca penjelasan dari kami di atas dapat menambah pemahaman tentang materi ini. Oke cukup sekian, dan trimakasih atas kunjungannya. Jika ada pertanyaan atau komentar mengenai materi ini silahkan tinggalkan komentar..

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