Description of Washington; City in United States

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Washington; City in United States – The United States is a country located in the northern part of the American continent. This country is known as the United States of America (USA). America is a federal constitutional republic consisting of fifty states and a federal district.

The capital of the United States of America is Washington DC. While the largest city in America is New York City. With an area of 9.83 million square kilometers and a population of 315 million people, the United States is the third largest country in the world and the third largest by population.

The United States is one of the most multiethnic and multicultural countries in the world. This arises due to massive immigration from various parts of the world. The climate and geography of the United States are also very diverse and the country is home to a wide variety of species.

Okay, on this occasion the BRITISH Course will provide a description of a city in the United States. The city we will be discussing is Washington City.

Washington City

Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia, also known as Washington, the District, or D.C., is the capital city and federal district of the United States. It is located on the east bank of the Potomac River, which forms its southwestern border with Virginia, and it shares a land border with Maryland on its other sides. The city was named for George Washington, a Founding Father and the first president of the United States, and the federal district is named after Columbia, the female personification of the nation. As the seat of the U.S. federal government and several international organizations, the city is an important world political capital. It is one of the most visited cities in the U.S., with over 20 million annual visitors as of 2016.

The U.S. Constitution provides for a federal district under the exclusive jurisdiction of Congress; the district is not a part of any U.S. state (nor is it one itself). The signing of the Residence Act on July 16, 1790, approved the creation of the capital district located along the Potomac River near the country’s East Coast. The City of Washington was founded in 1791, and Congress held its first session there in 1800. In 1801, the territory, formerly part of Maryland and Virginia (including the settlements of Georgetown and Alexandria), officially became recognized as the federal district. In 1846, Congress returned the land originally ceded by Virginia, including the city of Alexandria; in 1871, it created a single municipal government for the remaining portion of the district. There have been efforts to make the city into a state since the 1880s, a movement that has gained momentum in recent years, and a statehood bill passed the House of Representatives in 2021.

The city is divided into quadrants centered on the Capitol, and there are as many as 131 neighborhoods. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 689,545, which makes it the 23rd most populous city in the U.S. as of 2020, the third most populous city in the Mid-Atlantic, and gives it a population larger than that of two U.S. states: Wyoming and Vermont. Commuters from the surrounding Maryland and Virginia suburbs raise the city’s daytime population to more than one million during the workweek. Washington’s metropolitan area, the country’s sixth largest (including parts of Maryland, Virginia and West Virginia), had a 2020 estimated population of 6.3 million residents; and over 54 million people live within 250 mi (400 km) of the District.

The three branches of the U.S. federal government are centered in the district: Congress (legislative), the president (executive), and the Supreme Court (judicial). Washington is home to many national monuments and museums, primarily situated on or around the National Mall. The city hosts 177 foreign embassies as well as the headquarters of many international organizations, trade unions, non-profits, lobbying groups, and professional associations, including the World Bank Group, the International Monetary Fund, the Organization of American States, AARP, the National Geographic Society, the American Red Cross, and others.

A locally elected mayor and a 13-member council have governed the district since 1973. Congress maintains supreme authority over the city and may overturn local laws. The District of Columbia does not have representation in Congress, although D.C. residents elect a single at-large congressional delegate to the House of Representatives who has no vote. District voters choose three presidential electors in accordance with the Twenty-third Amendment, ratified in 1961.

Terjemahan

Washington, D.C., secara resmi Distrik Columbia, juga dikenal sebagai Washington, Distrik, atau D.C., adalah ibu kota dan distrik federal Amerika Serikat. Itu terletak di tepi timur Sungai Potomac, yang membentuk perbatasan barat daya dengan Virginia, dan berbagi perbatasan darat dengan Maryland di sisi lainnya. Kota ini dinamai dari George Washington, seorang Bapak Pendiri dan presiden pertama Amerika Serikat, dan distrik federal dinamai dari Columbia, personifikasi wanita dari bangsa tersebut. Sebagai pusat pemerintahan federal AS dan beberapa organisasi internasional, kota ini merupakan ibu kota politik dunia yang penting. Ini adalah salah satu kota yang paling banyak dikunjungi di AS, dengan lebih dari 20 juta pengunjung tahunan pada 2016.

Konstitusi AS menetapkan distrik federal di bawah yurisdiksi eksklusif Kongres; distrik ini bukan bagian dari negara bagian A.S. mana pun (juga bukan bagian itu sendiri). Penandatanganan Residence Act pada 16 Juli 1790 menyetujui pembentukan distrik ibu kota yang terletak di sepanjang Sungai Potomac dekat Pantai Timur negara itu. Kota Washington didirikan pada tahun 1791, dan Kongres mengadakan sesi pertamanya di sana pada tahun 1800. Pada tahun 1801, wilayah tersebut, yang sebelumnya merupakan bagian dari Maryland dan Virginia (termasuk pemukiman Georgetown dan Alexandria), secara resmi diakui sebagai distrik federal. Pada tahun 1846, Kongres mengembalikan tanah yang semula diserahkan oleh Virginia, termasuk kota Alexandria; pada tahun 1871, ia membentuk satu pemerintah kota untuk bagian distrik yang tersisa. Ada upaya untuk menjadikan kota itu sebagai negara bagian sejak tahun 1880-an, sebuah gerakan yang mendapatkan momentum dalam beberapa tahun terakhir, dan RUU kenegaraan disahkan Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat pada tahun 2021.

Kota ini terbagi menjadi kuadran yang berpusat di Capitol, dan terdapat sebanyak 131 lingkungan. Menurut sensus tahun 2020, ia memiliki populasi 689.545, yang menjadikannya kota terpadat ke-23 di AS pada tahun 2020, kota terpadat ketiga di Atlantik Tengah, dan memberinya populasi lebih besar daripada dua AS. negara bagian: Wyoming dan Vermont. Komuter dari pinggiran Maryland dan Virginia di sekitarnya meningkatkan populasi siang hari kota menjadi lebih dari satu juta selama minggu kerja. Wilayah metropolitan Washington, negara terbesar keenam (termasuk sebagian Maryland, Virginia, dan Virginia Barat), memiliki perkiraan populasi tahun 2020 sebanyak 6,3 juta penduduk; dan lebih dari 54 juta orang tinggal dalam jarak 250 mi (400 km) dari Distrik.

Tiga cabang pemerintah federal AS berpusat di distrik: Kongres (legislatif), presiden (eksekutif), dan Mahkamah Agung (yudisial). Washington adalah rumah bagi banyak monumen dan museum nasional, terutama terletak di atau sekitar National Mall. Kota ini menampung 177 kedutaan asing serta kantor pusat banyak organisasi internasional, serikat pekerja, organisasi nirlaba, kelompok lobi, dan asosiasi profesional, termasuk Grup Bank Dunia, Dana Moneter Internasional, Organisasi Negara-negara Amerika, AARP, the National Geographic Society, Palang Merah Amerika, dan lain-lain.

Walikota yang dipilih secara lokal dan dewan beranggotakan 13 orang telah mengatur distrik tersebut sejak tahun 1973. Kongres mempertahankan otoritas tertinggi atas kota dan dapat membatalkan undang-undang lokal. District of Columbia tidak memiliki perwakilan di Kongres, meskipun penduduk D.C. memilih satu delegasi kongres untuk DPR yang tidak memiliki suara. Pemilih distrik memilih tiga pemilih presiden sesuai dengan Amandemen Kedua Puluh Tiga, yang diratifikasi pada tahun 1961.

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