Description of San Jose; City in United States

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San Jose; City in United States – The United States is a country located in the northern part of the American continent. This country is known as the United States of America (USA). America is a federal constitutional republic consisting of fifty states and a federal district.

The capital of the United States of America is Washington DC. While the largest city in America is New York City. With an area of 9.83 million square kilometers and a population of 315 million people, the United States is the third largest country in the world and the third largest by population.

The United States is one of the most multiethnic and multicultural countries in the world. This arises due to massive immigration from various parts of the world. The climate and geography of the United States are also very diverse and the country is home to a wide variety of species.

Okay, on this occasion the BRITISH Course will provide a description of a city in the United States. The city we will be discussing is San Jose City.

San Jose City

San Jose, officially San José (/ˌsæn hoʊˈzeɪ, -ˈseɪ/; Spanish: [saŋ xoˈse]; Spanish for ‘Saint Joseph’), is a major city in the U.S. state of California that is the cultural, financial, and political center of Silicon Valleyand largest city in Northern California by both population and area. With a 2020 population of 1,013,240, it is the most populous city in both the Bay Area and the San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland Combined Statistical Area, which contain 7.7 million and 9.7 million people respectively, the third-most populous city in California (after Los Angeles and San Diego and ahead of San Francisco), and the tenth-most populous in the United States. Located in the center of the Santa Clara Valley on the southern shore of San Francisco Bay, San Jose covers an area of 179.97 sq mi (466.1 km2). San Jose is the county seat of Santa Clara County and the main component of the San Jose–Sunnyvale–Santa Clara Metropolitan Statistical Area, with an estimated population of around two million residents in 2018.

San Jose is notable for its innovation, cultural diversity, affluence, and sunny and mild Mediterranean climate. Its connection to the booming high tech industry phenomenon known as Silicon Valley sparked Mayor Tom McEnery to adopt the city the motto of “Capital of Silicon Valley” in 1988. Major global tech companies including Cisco Systems, eBay, Adobe Inc., PayPal, Broadcom, Samsung, Acer, and Zoom maintain their headquarters in San Jose. San Jose is one of the wealthiest major cities in the world, with the third-highest GDP per capita (after Zürich and Oslo) and the fifth-most expensive housing market. It is home to the world’s largest overseas Vietnamese population, a Hispanic community that makes up over 40% of the city’s residents, and historic Japanese and Portuguese neighborhoods.

Before the arrival of the Spanish, the area around San Jose was inhabited by the Tamien nation of the Ohlone peoples of California. San Jose was founded on November 29, 1777, as the Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe, the first city founded in the Californias. It then became a part of Mexico in 1821 after the Mexican War of Independence. Following the American Conquest of California during the Mexican–American War, the territory was ceded to the United States in 1848. After California achieved statehood two years later, San Jose became the state’s first capital. Following World War II, San Jose experienced an economic boom, with a rapid population growth and aggressive annexation of nearby cities and communities carried out in the 1950s and 1960s. The rapid growth of the high-technology and electronics industries further accelerated the transition from an agricultural center to an urbanized metropolitan area. Results of the 1990 U.S. census indicated that San Jose had officially surpassed San Francisco as the most populous city in Northern California.[39] By the 1990s, San Jose had become the global center for the high tech and internet industries, making it California’s fastest-growing economy.

Terjemahan

San Jose, resminya San José (/ˌsæn hoʊˈzeɪ, -ˈseɪ/; bahasa Spanyol: [saŋ xoˈse]; bahasa Spanyol untuk ‘Saint Joseph’), adalah sebuah kota besar di negara bagian California AS yang menjadi pusat budaya, keuangan, dan politik Lembah Silikon dan kota terbesar di California Utara menurut jumlah penduduk dan wilayah. Dengan populasi 2020 sebesar 1.013.240, ini adalah kota terpadat di Bay Area dan Area Statistik Gabungan San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, yang masing-masing berisi 7,7 juta dan 9,7 juta orang, kota terpadat ketiga di California ( setelah Los Angeles dan San Diego dan di depan San Francisco), dan terpadat kesepuluh di Amerika Serikat. Terletak di tengah Lembah Santa Clara di pantai selatan Teluk San Francisco, San Jose meliputi area seluas 179,97 mil persegi (466,1 km2). San Jose adalah ibu kota Kabupaten Santa Clara dan komponen utama Wilayah Statistik Metropolitan San Jose–Sunnyvale–Santa Clara, dengan perkiraan populasi sekitar dua juta penduduk pada tahun 2018.

San Jose terkenal karena inovasi, keanekaragaman budaya, kemakmuran, dan iklim Mediterania yang cerah dan sejuk. Hubungannya dengan fenomena industri teknologi tinggi yang berkembang pesat yang dikenal sebagai Silicon Valley memicu Walikota Tom McEnery untuk mengadopsi moto kota “Ibukota Lembah Silikon” pada tahun 1988. Perusahaan teknologi global besar termasuk Cisco Systems, eBay, Adobe Inc., PayPal, Broadcom , Samsung, Acer, dan Zoom mempertahankan kantor pusat mereka di San Jose. San Jose adalah salah satu kota besar terkaya di dunia, dengan PDB per kapita tertinggi ketiga (setelah Zürich dan Oslo) dan pasar perumahan termahal kelima. Ini adalah rumah bagi populasi Vietnam luar negeri terbesar di dunia, komunitas Hispanik yang membentuk lebih dari 40% penduduk kota, dan lingkungan bersejarah Jepang dan Portugis.

Sebelum kedatangan bangsa Spanyol, daerah sekitar San Jose dihuni oleh bangsa Tamien dari suku Ohlone di California. San Jose didirikan pada 29 November 1777, sebagai Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe, kota pertama yang didirikan di California. Itu kemudian menjadi bagian dari Meksiko pada tahun 1821 setelah Perang Kemerdekaan Meksiko. Setelah Penaklukan California oleh Amerika selama Perang Meksiko–Amerika, wilayah tersebut diserahkan ke Amerika Serikat pada tahun 1848. Setelah California menjadi negara bagian dua tahun kemudian, San Jose menjadi ibu kota pertama negara bagian tersebut. Setelah Perang Dunia II, San Jose mengalami ledakan ekonomi, dengan pertumbuhan populasi yang cepat dan aneksasi agresif kota dan komunitas terdekat yang dilakukan pada 1950-an dan 1960-an. Pesatnya pertumbuhan industri teknologi tinggi dan elektronik semakin mempercepat transisi dari pusat pertanian ke daerah metropolitan urban. Hasil sensus AS tahun 1990 menunjukkan bahwa San Jose resmi melampaui San Francisco sebagai kota terpadat di California Utara.[39] Pada 1990-an, San Jose telah menjadi pusat global untuk industri teknologi tinggi dan internet, menjadikannya ekonomi dengan pertumbuhan tercepat di California.

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