Description of New York; City in United States

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New York; City in United States – The United States is a country located in the northern part of the American continent. This country is known as the United States of America (USA). America is a federal constitutional republic consisting of fifty states and a federal district.

The capital of the United States of America is Washington DC. While the largest city in America is New York City. With an area of 9.83 million square kilometers and a population of 315 million people, the United States is the third largest country in the world and the third largest by population.

The United States is one of the most multiethnic and multicultural countries in the world. This arises due to massive immigration from various parts of the world. The climate and geography of the United States are also very diverse and the country is home to a wide variety of species.

Okay, on this occasion the BRITISH Course will provide a description of a city in the United States. The city we will be discussing is New York City.

New York City

New York, often called New York City or NYC, is the most populous city in the United States. With a 2020 population of 8,804,190 distributed over 300.46 square miles (778.2 km2), New York City is also the most densely populated major city in the United States, and is more than twice as populous as second-place Los Angeles. New York City lies at the southern tip of New York State, and constitutes the geographical and demographic center of both the Northeast megalopolis and the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass. With over 20.1 million people in its metropolitan statistical area and 23.5 million in its combined statistical area as of 2020, New York is one of the world’s most populous megacities, and over 58 million people live within 250 mi (400 km) of the city. New York City is a global cultural, financial, entertainment, and media center with a significant influence on commerce, health care and life sciences, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, dining, art, fashion, and sports. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy, an established safe haven for global investors, and is sometimes described as the capital of the world.

Situated on one of the world’s largest natural harbors and extending into the Atlantic Ocean, New York City comprises five boroughs, each of which is coextensive with a respective county of the state of New York. The five boroughs—Brooklyn (Kings County), Queens (Queens County), Manhattan (New York County), the Bronx (Bronx County), and Staten Island (Richmond County)—were created when local governments were consolidated into a single municipal entity in 1898. The city and its metropolitan area constitute the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world. New York City is home to more than 3.2 million residents born outside the United States, the largest foreign-born population of any city in the world as of 2016. As of 2022, the New York metropolitan area is estimated to produce a gross metropolitan product of over $2.1 trillion, ranking it first worldwide. If the New York metropolitan area were a sovereign state, it would have the eighth-largest economy in the world. As of 2022, New York is home to the highest number of billionaires and millionaires of any city in the world.

New York City traces its origins to a trading post founded on the southern tip of Manhattan Island by Dutch colonists in approximately 1624. The settlement was named New Amsterdam (Dutch: Nieuw Amsterdam) in 1626 and was chartered as a city in 1653. The city came under English control in 1664 and was renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York. The city was regained by the Dutch in July 1673 and was renamed New Orange for one year and three months; the city has been continuously named New York since November 1674. New York City was the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790, and has been the largest U.S. city since 1790. The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the U.S. by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and is a symbol of the U.S. and its ideals of liberty and peace. In the 21st century, New York City has emerged as a global node of creativity, entrepreneurship, and environmental sustainability, and as a symbol of freedom and cultural diversity. The New York Times has won the most Pulitzer Prizes for journalism and remains the U.S. media’s “newspaper of record”. In 2019, New York City was voted the greatest city in the world per a survey of over 30,000 people from 48 cities worldwide, citing its cultural diversity.

Many districts and monuments in New York City are major landmarks, including three of the world’s ten most visited tourist attractions in 2013. A record 66.6 million tourists visited New York City in 2019. Times Square is the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District, one of the world’s busiest pedestrian intersections, and a major center of the world’s entertainment industry. Many of the city’s landmarks, skyscrapers, and parks are known around the world, as is the city’s fast pace, spawning the term New York minute. The Empire State Building has become the global standard of reference to describe the height and length of other structures.

The Stonewall Inn in Greenwich Village, part of the Stonewall National Monument, is considered the historic epicenter of LGBTQ+ culture and the birthplace of the modern gay rights movement. Manhattan’s real estate market is among the most expensive in the world. Providing continuous 24/7 service and contributing to the nickname The City That Never Sleeps, the New York City Subway is the largest single-operator rapid transit system worldwide, with 472 passenger rail stations; and Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan is the busiest transportation hub in the Western Hemisphere. The city has over 120 colleges and universities, including Columbia University, New York University, and the City University of New York system, which is the largest urban public university system in the United States. Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York City has been called both the world’s leading financial center and the most powerful city in the world, and is home to the world’s two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization, the New York Stock Exchange and Nasdaq. New York City is the headquarters of the global art market, with numerous art galleries and auction houses collectively hosting half of the world’s art auctions.

Terjemahan

New York, sering disebut New York City atau NYC, adalah kota terpadat di Amerika Serikat. Dengan populasi tahun 2020 sebesar 8.804.190 tersebar di 300,46 mil persegi (778,2 km2), New York City juga merupakan kota besar terpadat di Amerika Serikat, dan lebih dari dua kali lebih padat penduduknya daripada tempat kedua Los Angeles. Kota New York terletak di ujung selatan Negara Bagian New York, dan merupakan pusat geografis dan demografis megalopolis Timur Laut dan wilayah metropolitan New York, wilayah metropolitan terbesar di dunia berdasarkan daratan perkotaan. Dengan lebih dari 20,1 juta orang di wilayah statistik metropolitannya dan 23,5 juta di wilayah statistik gabungannya pada tahun 2020, New York adalah salah satu kota besar terpadat di dunia, dan lebih dari 58 juta orang tinggal dalam jarak 250 mil (400 km) dari kota. New York City adalah pusat budaya, keuangan, hiburan, dan media global dengan pengaruh signifikan terhadap perdagangan, perawatan kesehatan dan ilmu kehidupan, penelitian, teknologi, pendidikan, politik, pariwisata, makan, seni, mode, dan olahraga. Rumah bagi markas besar Perserikatan Bangsa-Bangsa, New York adalah pusat diplomasi internasional yang penting, tempat berlindung yang aman bagi investor global, dan terkadang digambarkan sebagai ibu kota dunia.

Terletak di salah satu pelabuhan alami terbesar di dunia dan memanjang ke Samudera Atlantik, New York City terdiri dari lima borough, yang masing-masing wilayahnya sama luasnya dengan county di negara bagian New York. Lima borough—Brooklyn (Kings County), Queens (Queens County), Manhattan (New York County), Bronx (Bronx County), dan Staten Island (Richmond County)—dibentuk ketika pemerintah daerah dikonsolidasikan menjadi satu kesatuan kota. pada tahun 1898. Kota dan wilayah metropolitannya merupakan pintu gerbang utama untuk imigrasi legal ke Amerika Serikat. Sebanyak 800 bahasa digunakan di New York, menjadikannya kota dengan bahasa paling beragam di dunia. Kota New York adalah rumah bagi lebih dari 3,2 juta penduduk yang lahir di luar Amerika Serikat, populasi kelahiran asing terbesar di kota mana pun di dunia pada tahun 2016. Pada tahun 2022, wilayah metropolitan New York diperkirakan menghasilkan produk metropolitan bruto lebih dari $2,1 triliun, peringkat pertama di seluruh dunia. Jika wilayah metropolitan New York adalah negara berdaulat, ia akan memiliki ekonomi terbesar kedelapan di dunia. Pada tahun 2022, New York adalah rumah bagi jumlah miliarder dan jutawan tertinggi di kota mana pun di dunia.

Kota New York menelusuri asal-usulnya ke sebuah pos perdagangan yang didirikan di ujung selatan Pulau Manhattan oleh penjajah Belanda sekitar tahun 1624. Pemukiman tersebut dinamai New Amsterdam (bahasa Belanda: Nieuw Amsterdam) pada tahun 1626 dan disewa sebagai kota pada tahun 1653. Kota ini berada di bawah kendali Inggris pada tahun 1664 dan berganti nama menjadi New York setelah Raja Charles II dari Inggris memberikan tanah tersebut kepada saudaranya, Duke of York. Kota itu direbut kembali oleh Belanda pada Juli 1673 dan diganti namanya menjadi Oranye Baru selama satu tahun tiga bulan; kota ini terus dinamai New York sejak November 1674. Kota New York adalah ibu kota Amerika Serikat dari tahun 1785 hingga 1790, dan telah menjadi kota terbesar di AS sejak tahun 1790. Patung Liberty menyambut jutaan imigran saat mereka datang ke AS dengan kapal pada akhir abad ke-19 dan awal abad ke-20, dan merupakan simbol AS serta cita-cita kebebasan dan perdamaiannya. Pada abad ke-21, Kota New York telah muncul sebagai simpul global kreativitas, kewirausahaan, dan kelestarian lingkungan, serta sebagai simbol kebebasan dan keragaman budaya. The New York Times telah memenangkan Hadiah Pulitzer terbanyak untuk jurnalisme dan tetap menjadi “koran catatan” media AS. Pada tahun 2019, Kota New York terpilih sebagai kota terbesar di dunia per survei terhadap lebih dari 30.000 orang dari 48 kota di seluruh dunia, mengutip keragaman budayanya.

Banyak distrik dan monumen di Kota New York merupakan landmark utama, termasuk tiga dari sepuluh tempat wisata paling banyak dikunjungi di dunia pada tahun 2013. Rekor 66,6 juta turis mengunjungi Kota New York pada tahun 2019. Times Square adalah pusat Distrik Teater Broadway yang terang benderang, salah satu persimpangan pejalan kaki tersibuk di dunia, dan pusat utama industri hiburan dunia. Banyak landmark kota, gedung pencakar langit, dan taman yang dikenal di seluruh dunia, begitu juga dengan kecepatan kota ini, memunculkan istilah menit New York. Empire State Building telah menjadi acuan standar global untuk menggambarkan tinggi dan panjang struktur lainnya.

Stonewall Inn di Greenwich Village, bagian dari Monumen Nasional Stonewall, dianggap sebagai pusat sejarah budaya LGBTQ+ dan tempat kelahiran gerakan hak-hak gay modern. Pasar real estat Manhattan termasuk yang termahal di dunia. Menyediakan layanan 24/7 tanpa henti dan berkontribusi pada julukan The City That Never Sleeps, New York City Subway adalah sistem angkutan cepat operator tunggal terbesar di dunia, dengan 472 stasiun kereta penumpang; dan Stasiun Penn di Midtown Manhattan adalah pusat transportasi tersibuk di Belahan Barat. Kota ini memiliki lebih dari 120 perguruan tinggi dan universitas, termasuk Universitas Columbia, Universitas New York, dan sistem Universitas Kota New York, yang merupakan sistem universitas negeri perkotaan terbesar di Amerika Serikat. Dihubungkan dengan Wall Street di Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York City telah disebut sebagai pusat keuangan terkemuka dunia dan kota paling kuat di dunia, dan merupakan rumah bagi dua bursa saham terbesar di dunia berdasarkan total kapitalisasi pasar, New York Stock Exchange dan Nasdaq. New York City adalah markas besar pasar seni global, dengan banyak galeri seni dan balai lelang yang secara kolektif menyelenggarakan setengah dari lelang seni dunia.

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