Description of Chicago; City in United States

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Chicago, City in United States – The United States is a country located in the northern part of the American continent. This country is known as the United States of America (USA). America is a federal constitutional republic consisting of fifty states and a federal district.

The capital of the United States of America is Washington DC. While the largest city in America is New York City. With an area of 9.83 million square kilometers and a population of 315 million people, the United States is the third largest country in the world and the third largest by population.

The United States is one of the most multiethnic and multicultural countries in the world. This arises due to massive immigration from various parts of the world. The climate and geography of the United States are also very diverse and the country is home to a wide variety of species.

Okay, on this occasion the BRITISH Course will provide a description of a city in the United States. The city we will be discussing is Chicago City.

Chicago City

Chicago (/ʃɪˈkɑːɡoʊ/) shih-KAH-goh, locally also /ʃɪˈkɔːɡoʊ/ shih-KAW-goh) is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Illinois and the third-most populous in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles. With a population of 2,746,388 in the 2020 census, it is also the most populous city in the Midwest. As the seat of Cook County (the second-most populous U.S. county), the city is the center of the Chicago metropolitan area, one of the largest in the world.

On the shore of Lake Michigan, Chicago was incorporated as a city in 1837 near a portage between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River watershed. It grew rapidly in the mid-19th century; by 1860, Chicago was the youngest U.S. city to exceed a population of 100,000. The Great Chicago Fire in 1871 destroyed several square miles and left more than 100,000 homeless, but Chicago’s population continued to grow to 503,000 by 1880 and then doubled to more than a million within the decade. The construction boom accelerated population growth throughout the following decades, and by 1900, less than 30 years after the fire, Chicago was the fifth-largest city in the world. Chicago made noted contributions to urban planning and zoning standards, including new construction styles (such as, Chicago School architecture, the development of the City Beautiful Movement, and the steel-framed skyscraper).

Chicago is an international hub for finance, culture, commerce, industry, education, technology, telecommunications, and transportation. It is the site of the creation of the first standardized futures contracts, issued by the Chicago Board of Trade, which today is part of the largest and most diverse derivatives market in the world, generating 20% of all volume in commodities and financial futures alone. O’Hare International Airport is routinely ranked among the world’s top six busiest airports according to tracked data by the Airports Council International. The region also has the largest number of federal highways and is the nation’s railroad hub. The Chicago area has one of the highest gross domestic products (GDP) in the world, generating $689 billion in 2018. The economy of Chicago is diverse, with no single industry employing more than 14% of the workforce. It is home to several Fortune 500 companies, including Archer Daniels Midland, Conagra Brands, Exelon, JLL, Kraft Heinz, McDonald’s, Mondelez International, Motorola Solutions, Sears, and United Airlines Holdings.

Chicago’s 58 million tourist visitors in 2018 set a new record. Landmarks in the city include Millennium Park, Navy Pier, the Magnificent Mile, the Art Institute of Chicago, Museum Campus, the Willis (Sears) Tower, Grant Park, the Museum of Science and Industry, and Lincoln Park Zoo. Chicago is also home to the Barack Obama Presidential Center being built in Hyde Park on the city’s South Side. Chicago’s culture includes the visual arts, literature, film, theater, comedy (especially improvisational comedy), food, dance (including modern dance and jazz troupes and the Joffrey Ballet), and music (particularly jazz, blues, soul, hip-hop, gospel, and electronic dance music, including house music). Chicago is also the location of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra and the Lyric Opera of Chicago. Of the area’s colleges and universities, the University of Chicago, Northwestern University, and the University of Illinois at Chicago are classified as “highest research” doctoral universities. Chicago has professional sports teams in each of the major professional leagues, including two Major League Baseball teams.

Terjemahan

Chicago (/ʃɪˈkɑːɡoʊ/) shih-KAH-goh, secara lokal juga /ʃɪˈkɔːɡoʊ/ shih-KAW-goh) adalah kota terpadat di negara bagian Illinois AS dan terpadat ketiga di Amerika Serikat, setelah New York City dan Los Angeles. Dengan populasi 2.746.388 pada sensus 2020, kota ini juga merupakan kota terpadat di Midwest. Sebagai ibu kota Cook County (county terpadat kedua di AS), kota ini merupakan pusat wilayah metropolitan Chicago, salah satu yang terbesar di dunia.

Di tepi Danau Michigan, Chicago didirikan sebagai kota pada tahun 1837 di dekat portage antara Great Lakes dan DAS Sungai Mississippi. Tumbuh pesat di pertengahan abad ke-19; pada tahun 1860, Chicago adalah kota AS termuda yang melebihi populasi 100.000. Kebakaran Besar Chicago pada tahun 1871 menghancurkan beberapa mil persegi dan menyebabkan lebih dari 100.000 orang kehilangan tempat tinggal, tetapi populasi Chicago terus tumbuh menjadi 503.000 pada tahun 1880 dan kemudian berlipat ganda menjadi lebih dari satu juta dalam satu dekade. Ledakan konstruksi mempercepat pertumbuhan populasi selama beberapa dekade berikutnya, dan pada tahun 1900, kurang dari 30 tahun setelah kebakaran, Chicago menjadi kota terbesar kelima di dunia. Chicago membuat kontribusi penting untuk perencanaan kota dan standar zonasi, termasuk gaya konstruksi baru (seperti, arsitektur Sekolah Chicago, pengembangan Gerakan Kota Indah, dan gedung pencakar langit berbingkai baja).

Chicago adalah pusat internasional untuk keuangan, budaya, perdagangan, industri, pendidikan, teknologi, telekomunikasi, dan transportasi. Ini adalah tempat pembuatan kontrak berjangka standar pertama, yang dikeluarkan oleh Chicago Board of Trade, yang saat ini merupakan bagian dari pasar derivatif terbesar dan paling beragam di dunia, menghasilkan 20% dari semua volume komoditas dan berjangka keuangan saja. . Bandara Internasional O’Hare secara rutin diperingkatkan di antara enam bandara tersibuk di dunia menurut data yang dilacak oleh Airports Council International. Wilayah ini juga memiliki jumlah jalan raya federal terbesar dan merupakan pusat kereta api nasional. Area Chicago memiliki salah satu produk domestik bruto (PDB) tertinggi di dunia, menghasilkan $689 miliar pada tahun 2018. Perekonomian Chicago beragam, dengan tidak ada satu industri pun yang mempekerjakan lebih dari 14% tenaga kerja. Ini adalah rumah bagi beberapa perusahaan Fortune 500, termasuk Archer Daniels Midland, Conagra Brands, Exelon, JLL, Kraft Heinz, McDonald’s, Mondelez International, Motorola Solutions, Sears, dan United Airlines Holdings.

58 juta pengunjung wisata Chicago pada tahun 2018 mencetak rekor baru. Landmark di kota ini termasuk Taman Milenium, Dermaga Angkatan Laut, Magnificent Mile, Institut Seni Chicago, Kampus Museum, Menara Willis (Sears), Taman Grant, Museum Sains dan Industri, dan Kebun Binatang Lincoln Park. Chicago juga merupakan rumah bagi Pusat Kepresidenan Barack Obama yang sedang dibangun di Hyde Park di Sisi Selatan kota. Budaya Chicago meliputi seni visual, sastra, film, teater, komedi (terutama komedi improvisasi), makanan, tarian (termasuk kelompok tari dan jazz modern dan Joffrey Ballet), dan musik (khususnya jazz, blues, soul, hip-hop, Injil, dan musik dansa elektronik, termasuk musik rumah). Chicago juga merupakan lokasi Chicago Symphony Orchestra dan Lyric Opera of Chicago. Perguruan tinggi dan universitas di wilayah tersebut, Universitas Chicago, Universitas Northwestern, dan Universitas Illinois di Chicago diklasifikasikan sebagai universitas doktor “penelitian tertinggi”. Chicago memiliki tim olahraga profesional di setiap liga profesional utama, termasuk dua tim Major League Baseball.

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